Alkyl nitrate

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Many alkyl alcohols will dehydrate to an ester on addition of nitric acid with loss of water. This process, called nitration, causes the formation of a nitroxy group on the carbon atom.

MeOH + HNO3 → MeONO2 + H2O

Single Alcohol Nitrate Esters

Non-Cyclic Alkyl Polyol Nitrate Esters

Cyclic Polyol Nitrate Esters



Most alkyl nitrates tend to be explosive, which means proper protection must be worn when working with said compounds.


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