| IUPAC name
| Other names
C.I. Natural Brown 7
Oil Red BS
|Molar mass||174.155 g/mol|
|Density||1.42 g/cm3 (at 25 °C)|
|Melting point||162–163 °C (324–325 °F; 435–436 K)|
|Boiling point||381–385 °C (718–725 °F; 654–658 K) (decomposes)|
|0.0052 g/100 ml|
|Solubility||Soluble in acetone, benzene, chloroform, diethyl ether, dioxane, DMSO, ethanol|
|Vapor pressure||0.9 mmHg at 25 °C|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||201.3 °C (394.34 °F; 474 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|112 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Juglone (IUPAC: 5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione) is an organic compound with the molecular formula C10H6O3.
Reduction of juglone yields hydroxyjuglone, which is the compound found in the walnut plant. Juglone appears when hydroxyjuglone oxidizes in air.
Aqueous solutions of juglone with alkali turn purpleish.
Juglone is a yellowish solid, insoluble in water but more soluble in organic solvents.
Juglone occurs naturally in the leaves, roots, husks, fruit, and bark of plants (but not in the edible kernel) in the Juglandaceae family, like the common walnut, though it occurs in higher concentration in the black walnut (Juglans nigra). The average amount of juglone found in walnuts is between 2-4% by fresh weight. Juglone is extracted from unripe walnut hulls with diethyl ether. The extract is left in air to dry and oxidize. Juglone is purified via sublimation.
Pure juglone can be purchased from lab suppliers.
Juglone can be synthesized by oxidation of the nontoxic hydrojuglone, 1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene.
- Make dye and ink
- Biodegradable herbicide
Juglone is harmful if ingested. It is highly toxic to many insect herbivores. Juglone will also stain the skin.
The compound is investigated in medicine due to its antitumoral and antimicrobial properties.
Juglone should be kept in closed bottles, away from air and other contaminants.
Should be neutralized with an oxidizing mixture like Fenton's reagent.
- Borovikov; Sivachek; Makovetskii; Novikov; Borovikov; Russian Journal of General Chemistry; vol. 67; nb. 6; (1997); p. 936 - 941
- Merck, 1997