Perchlorate

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A perchlorate is the name for a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion, ClO
4
.

General properties

Perchlorates are colorless solids, soluble in water, though their solubility varies.

Organic perchlorate esters, are exotic compounds, highly unstable, without any commercial value.

Four perchlorates are of primary commercial interest:

Availability

Perchlorates are sold by chemical suppliers.

In many places, such as EU, the sale of perchlorates is restricted, due to their potential use in bombings.

Preparation

Perchlorates can be prepared from chlorates via electrolysis.

Safety

Perchlorates are very powerful oxidizers and should be handled with extreme care.

Perchlorates are moderately toxic, large amounts interfere with iodine uptake into the thyroid gland.

Rerefences

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