| IUPAC name
| Preferred IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||122.16 g/mol|
|Appearance||Colorless viscous liquid|
|Odor||Soft, like roses|
|Density||1.017 g/cm3 (20 °C)|
|Melting point||−27 °C (−17 °F; 246 K)|
|Boiling point||218.2 °C (424.8 °F; 491.3 K)|
|2.22 g/100 ml (25 °C)|
|Solubility|| Miscible with acetone, alcohols, chloroform, glycerol, propylene glycol|
Slightly soluble in mineral oil
|Vapor pressure||0.09 mmHg (25 °C)|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||102 °C (215.6 °F; 305 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Phenethyl alcohol or 2-phenylethanol, is an organic compound with the formula C8H10O.
Oxidation of phenethyl alcohol yields phenylacetic acid.
Phenethyl alcohol is a colorless liquid, immiscible with water, but miscible with many organic solvents.
Phenethyl alcohol is sold by chemical suppliers.
It occurs widely in nature, being found in a variety of essential oils.
Phenethyl alcohol can also be prepared by the Grignard reaction between phenylmagnesium bromide and ethylene oxide:
- C6H5MgBr + CH2CH2O → C6H5CH2CH2OMgBr
- C6H5CH2CH2OMgBr + H+ → C6H5CH2CH2OH
- C6H6 + CH2CH2O + AlCl3 → C6H5CH2CH2OAlCl2 + HCl
The reaction affords the aluminium alkoxide that is subsequently hydrolyzed to the desired product.
- C6H5CH2CH2OAlCl2 + H2O → C6H5CH2CH2OH + AlCl2(OH)
- Make perfumes
- Make phenylacetic acid
Phenethyl alcohol has low toxicity and it's a safe component of perfumes and aromas.
In closed bottles.
No special disposal is required.
- Kanth JV, Periasamy M (1991). "Selective Reduction of Carboxylic Acids into Alcohols Using NaBH and I2". Journal of Organic Chemistry. 56: 5964–5965