Propanol

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Propanol
Names
IUPAC name
Propan-1-ol
Other names
1-Hydroxypropane
Ethylcarbinol
n-PrOH
n-Propanol
n-Propyl alcohol
Propionic alcohol
Propionyl alcohol
Propionylol
Propyl alcohol
Propylic alcohol
Propylol
Properties
C3H8O
Molar mass 60.10 g/mol
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Alcoholic
Density 0.803 g/mL
Melting point −126 °C (−195 °F; 147 K)
Boiling point 97.2 °C (207.0 °F; 370.3 K)
Miscible
Solubility Miscible with alcohols, esters, ethers, glycols, acetone
Vapor pressure 21.0 mmHg (25 °C)
Acidity (pKa) 16
Thermochemistry
192.8 J·K−1·mol−1
−302.79–−302.29 kJ/mol
Hazards
Safety data sheet Sigma-Aldrich
Flash point 22 °C (72 °F; 295 K)
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
2,800 mg/kg (rabbit, oral)
6,800 mg/kg (mouse, oral)
1,870 mg/kg (rat, oral)
Related compounds
Related compounds
Ethanol
Butanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Propanol, also known as 1-propanol, propan-1-ol, 1-propyl alcohol, n-propyl alcohol, or n-propanol, is a primary alcohol with the formula CH3CH2CH2OH.

Properties

Chemical

Oxidation of 1-propanol with chromic acid yields propionic acid.

Physical

Propanol is a colorless liquid with an alcohol like smell. It is miscible in water and many organic solvents.

Availability

Delete this section if not applicable

Preparation

1-Propanol is manufactured by catalytic hydrogenation of propionaldehyde.

Projects

  • Make n-propyl iodide

Handling

Safety

Propanol is thought to be similar to ethanol in its effects on human body, but 2-4 times more potent.

Storage

In closed bottles away from any heat source.

Disposal

Propanol can be safely burned.

References

Relevant Sciencemadness threads