| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||324.42 g/mol|
|Melting point||177 °C (351 °F; 450 K)|
|0.05 g/100 ml (15 °C)|
|Solubility|| Soluble in carbon disulfide, chloroform, ethanol|
Slightly soluble in glycerol
Insoluble in ammonia, petroleum ether
|Solubility in benzene||1.25 g/100 ml|
|Solubility in chloroform||83.3 g/100 ml|
|Solubility in diethyl ether||0.4 g/100 ml|
|Solubility in ethanol||125 g/100 ml|
|Solubility in glycerol||5 g/100 ml|
|Vapor pressure||1.54·10-10 mmHg at 25 °C|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|1,800 mg/kg (guinea pig, oral)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Quinine is an alkaloid isolated from Cinchona bark, used as medication to treat malaria and babesiosis.
Quinine reacts with acids forming water soluble salts.
Quinine will slowly oxidize upon exposure to air over long periods of time, in both free and salt form, turning dark.
Quinine is a colorless or white solid, with a potent bitter taste.
Quinine is sold online. Often, it is sold in salt form, as sulfate.
Tonic water has small amounts of quinine, though not enough for it to be an economical source.
Quinine is best extracted from Cinchona tree bark than synthesized from precursors.
- Compound collecting
- Bitter taste mixtures
- Tonic water
- Make fluorescent drinks
- Anti-malaria drug
- Demonstration of triboluminescence
Exposure to quinine is known to cause abnormal heart rhythms.
Quinine should be kept in plastic or glass bottles, in dark places.
Can be safely poured down the drain or in trash.