Threitol

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Threitol
Names
IUPAC name
(2R,3R)-Butane-1,2,3,4-tetrol
Properties
C4H10O4
Molar mass 122.12 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Odor Odorless
Density 1.401 g/cm3
Melting point 88–90 °C (190–194 °F; 361–363 K)
Boiling point Decomposes
880 g/100 ml (25 °C)[1]
Solubility Soluble in ethanol, methanol
Vapor pressure ~0 mmHg
Hazards
Safety data sheet Sigma-Aldrich
Related compounds
Related compounds
Erythritol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Threitol is a four-carbon sugar alcohol with the molecular formula C4H10O4, diastereomer of erythritol.

Properties

Chemical

Threitol can be nitrated to threitol tetranitrate using concentrated nitric acid.

Physical

Threitol is a colorless solid, soluble in water.

Availability

It is sold by chemical suppliers.

Occurs naturally in the edible fungus Armillaria mellea, though you will need a large amount of said fungus to obtain significant amounts of threitol.

Preparation

Best to buy it than make it yourself.

Projects

  • Sweetener
  • Threitol tetranitrate

Handling

Safety

Threitol has low toxicity.

Storage

Threitol should be kept in closed bottles.

Disposal

No special disposal is required.

References

  1. Cohen, Shlomo; Marcus, Yizhak; Migron, Yoelit; Dikstein, Shabtay; Shafran, Avi; Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions; vol. 89; nb. 17; (1993); p. 3271 - 3275

Relevant Sciencemadness threads