| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||97.474 g/mol|
|Appearance||White to yellowish solid|
|Melting point||1,850 °C (3,360 °F; 2,120 K) (sublimes)|
0.00069 g/100 ml (18 °C)
0.00065 g/100 ml (18 °C)
|Solubility||Reacts with strong acids|
Std enthalpy of
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|2,000 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Zinc sulfide (or zinc sulphide) is a chemical with the chemical formula ZnS. Zinc sulfide fluoresces green, and is employed most often for its phosphorescent properties.
- 2 ZnS + 3 O2 → 2 ZnO + 2 SO2
Zinc sulfide is a white-yellowish solid, and it is widely used as a pigment. In its dense synthetic form, zinc sulfide can be transparent, and it is used as a window for visible optics and infrared optics. ZnS has a density of 4.090 g/cm3. It is poorly soluble in water but more soluble in acids. ZnS boils at 1,185 °C.
Zinc sulfide can be purchased from various science shops, as glowing powder.
Higher purity ZnS can be purchased from various chemical suppliers.
Zinc sulfide is often produced by reacting zinc oxide with hydrogen sulfide, which produces zinc sulfide and water. Another method for producing the chemical is by heating a solution of zinc sulfate with sodium thiosulfate. A third way is to make a equimolar mix of zinc and sulfur powders and ignite the mix. This produces a bright green flame and impure ZnS. The impure ZnS can be purified through decantation.
- ZnS + 2HCl → ZnCl2 + H2S
- Make glowing powder
- Hydrogen sulfide production
- Sulfur dioxide generation
Zinc sulfide dust is irritant to the eyes, skin, if inhaled or ingested. In case of ingestion, it will release toxic hydrogen sulfide.
Zinc sulfide does not require special storage, although it should be kept away from any strong acid vapors, as it will release hydrogen sulfide gas on contact.
Zinc sulfide doesn't require special disposal, though it can be neutralized with hydrogen peroxide. Avoid dumping it with acids though.