| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||107.156 g/mol|
|Appearance||Colorless to slight yellowish liquid|
|Density||0.981 g/cm3 (20 °C)|
|Melting point||10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)|
|Boiling point||185 °C (365 °F; 458 K)|
|Solubility|| Miscible in acetone, benzene, diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol, pyridine|
Partially miscible with chloroform
|Vapor pressure||0.662 mmHg at 25 °C|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||65 °C (149 °F; 338 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
| 552 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Benzylamine is an organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH2NH2 or C7H9N (sometimes abbreviated as PhCH2NH2 or BnNH2).
Benzylamine reacts with acids forming salts.
Benzylamine reacts with acetyl chloride to form N-benzylacetamide, an exemplar of the Schotten–Baumann reaction.
Benzylamine is a colorless viscous liquid that may turn slightly yellowish after prolonged contact with air. It is miscible with water and many organic solvents.
Benzylamine is sold by chemical suppliers in both liquid form and as salt.
There are several routes for benzylamine.
- Make anti-nausea medication
- Make Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (HNIW)
Benzylamine, while irritant, exhibits modest oral toxicity in rats, with LD50 of 552-1,130 mg/kg. It is readily biodegraded.
Benzylamine should be kept in airtight bottles, away from air and light, if kept in liquid form. The salt form is somewhat more stable to oxidation, though not by much.
Benzylamine should be mixed with a more flammable solvent and burned in an incinerator or outside.