| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||69.6182 g/mol|
|Appearance||Hard glassy solid or white powder.|
|Density|| 2.460 g/cm3 (liquid)|
2.55 g/cm3 (trigonal)
3.11–3.146 g/cm3 (monoclinic)
|Melting point|| 450–510 °C (842–950 °F; 723–783 K) (trigonal)|
510 °C (950 °F; 783 K) (tetrahedral)
|Boiling point||1,860 °C (3,380 °F; 2,130 K)|
| 1.1 g/100 ml (10 °C)|
2.77 g/100 ml (20 °C)
3.6 g/100 ml (25 °C)
15.7 100 g/100 ml (100 °C)
|Solubility||Soluble in ethanol, glycerol, methanol|
|Vapor pressure||~0 mmHg|
|Acidity (pKa)||~ 4|
Std enthalpy of
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|3,163 mg/kg (mouse, oral)|
| Boric acid|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Boron trioxide is a glass like solid or white powder with the chemical formula B2O3.
Boron trioxide is very unreactive towards most common reagents. While an anhydride oxide, it does not react with water visibly.
It can however be reduced to elemental boron with magnesium powder in a thermite reaction. Magnesium boride is produces as side product. A similar effect occurs when powdered aluminium is used, though aluminium not not give a good yield.
When produced from boric acid, it forms as a non crystalline mass that is very hard and difficult to grind, forming a very fine powder when ground very similar to a solid plane of glass.
It is used in glassmaking, whether as a boron additive for making borosilicate glass or as a fluxing agent so this may be a source, however it is easy to produce from the starting materials boric acid or borax.
Boric acid can be dehydrated above 300 degrees to form boron trioxide. Boron trioxide prepared at up to 800 degrees is a desiccant but it is slow acting if not finely powdered. Made at higher temperature it has an induction period.
- Producing elemental boron
- Making the ester trimethyl borate
- Fluxing agent for glass and enamels
- Acid catalyst in organic synthesis
Boron trioxide has low toxicity, though it is irritant to skin, mouth, nose and eyes.
No special storage is required, storing it in closed plastic bottles is good enough.
Can be dumped in trash.