| IUPAC name
| Systematic IUPAC name
|Molar mass||128.26 g/mol|
|Appearance||Colorless viscous liquid|
|Melting point||−54.1 to −53.1 °C; −65.5 to −63.7 °F; 219.0 to 220.0 K|
|Boiling point||150.4 to 151.0 °C; 302.6 to 303.7 °F; 423.5 to 424.1 K|
|Vapor pressure||0.59 kPa (at 25.0 °C)|
Std enthalpy of
|−275.7 – −273.7 kJ·mol−1|
|Safety data sheet||ScienceLab|
|Flash point||31.0 °C|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Nonane or n-nonane is an organic chemical compound, a straight-chain hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C9H20. Unlike most alkanes, the numeric prefix in its name derives from Latin, rather than Greek (using a Greek prefix would be enneane).
Nonane will burn in air in the presence of an ignition source.
Nonane is a colorless liquid, with a petroleum odor, insoluble in water, but miscible with other organic solvents.
Nonane can be extracted from various petroleum solvents, such as Stoddard solvent (which contains a mixture of aliphatic and alicyclic C7 to C12 hydrocarbons), via fractional distillation, though you need a large amount of Stoddard solvent to obtain any useful amount of n-nonane.
Nonane can also be purchased from chemical suppliers.
Nonane is best purchased than prepared.
- Organic extractions
Nonane vapors are irritant and because it's flammable, it is considered a fire hazard. However, as it is less volatile than most alkanes, its vapors are generally less of a problem.
In closed bottles, away from any heat source.
Nonane can be safely burned.
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