Difference between revisions of "Octyl acetate"

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===Physical===
 
===Physical===
Octyl acetate is insoluble in water but soluble in ethanol, [[1-octanol]] and [[diethyl ether]]. It has a fruity smell. Octyl acetate has a wide liquid range. It melts at -38°C and boils at 211°C.
+
Octyl acetate is insoluble in water but soluble in ethanol, [[1-octanol]] and [[diethyl ether]]. It has a fruity smell. Octyl acetate has a wide liquid range. It melts at -38 °C and boils at 211 °C.
  
 
==Availability==
 
==Availability==
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==Projects==
 
==Projects==
 
*Extract octyl acetate from oranges or grapefruits
 
*Extract octyl acetate from oranges or grapefruits
*Fragrance collecting
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*Fragrant compound collecting
  
 
==Handling==
 
==Handling==
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===Storage===
 
===Storage===
Should be stored in closed bottles, away from any flame source.
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Should be stored in glass closed bottles, away from any flame source.
  
 
===Disposal===
 
===Disposal===

Latest revision as of 18:39, 12 July 2019

Octyl acetate
Octyl acetate structure.png
Names
IUPAC name
Octyl acetate
Other names
Caprylyl acetate
Octyl ethanoate
n-Octyl acetate
Properties
C10H20O2
Molar mass 172.27 g/mol
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Fruity, slightly waxy floral odor
Density 0.863–0.87 g/cm3
Melting point −38.5 °C (−37.3 °F; 234.7 K)
Boiling point 211 °C (412 °F; 484 K)
0.021 g/100 g (0 °C)
0.018 g/100 g (29.7 °C)
0.018 g/100 g (40 °C)
0.012 g/100 g (92.1 °C)
Solubility Miscible with diethyl ether, ethanol, ethyl acetate
Vapor pressure 0.01 kPa (−3 °C)
0.0072–0.0073 (14.75 °C)
0.02–0.1 kPa (27 °C)
1 kPa (66.3 °C)
10 kPa (120 °C)
Thermochemistry
Hazards
Safety data sheet Sigma-Aldrich
Flash point 86 °C (187 °F; 359 K)
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
3,000 mg/kg (rat, oral)
Related compounds
Related compounds
Ethyl acetate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Octyl acetate is an ester which is commonly found in citrus fruits.

Properties

Chemical

Octyl acetate can hydrolyze to 1-octanol and acetic acid. It can also act as a solvent.

Physical

Octyl acetate is insoluble in water but soluble in ethanol, 1-octanol and diethyl ether. It has a fruity smell. Octyl acetate has a wide liquid range. It melts at -38 °C and boils at 211 °C.

Availability

Octyl acetate may be extracted from oranges or grapefruits.

Preparation

As octyl acetate is an ester of 1-octanol and acetic acid, it can be synthesized by adding the two together in dehydrating conditions, though this is difficult.

Projects

  • Extract octyl acetate from oranges or grapefruits
  • Fragrant compound collecting

Handling

Safety

Octyl acetate is not particularly toxic, but do not ingest lab-grade material.

Storage

Should be stored in glass closed bottles, away from any flame source.

Disposal

Octyl acetate can be safely burned.

References

Relevant Sciencemadness threads