Terbium(III) oxide

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Terbium(III) oxide
Names
IUPAC name
Terbium(III) oxide
Systematic IUPAC name
Terbium(III) oxide
Other names
terbium trioxide
terbia
terbium sesquioxide
Identifiers
Jmol-3D images Image
Properties
Tb2O3
Molar mass 365.85 g/mol
Appearance White solid
Density 7.91 g/cm3
Melting point 2,410 °C (4,370 °F; 2,680 K)
Hazards
Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Terbium(III) oxide, also known as terbium trioxide or terbia, is an oxide of terbium, with a chemical formula Tb2O3.

Properties

Chemical

Terbium(III) oxide readily dissolves in acids, resulting in the terbium salt of the said acid.

Physical

Terbium(III) oxide is a white solid, with a melting point of

Availability

Terbium(III) oxide is sold by various chemical suppliers.

Preparation

The precipitation of most terbium(III) compounds gives terbium(III) hydroxide, which can be converted to Tb2O3.

Terbium trioxide can be prepared by the reduction of terbium(III,IV) oxide (Tb4O7) with hydrogen at 1300 °C for 24 hours. This process is too complex for the amateur chemist, and it's cheaper to simply buy the compound.

Projects

  • Make terbium salts

Handling

Safety

Terbium trioxide shows moderate toxicity and has no known biological role.

Storage

Terbium(III) oxide should be stored in sealed containers, away from moisture and acidic vapors.

Disposal

Terbium(III) oxide can be either recycled or dumped in trash.

References

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