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Author: Subject: TONS of Reagents and Glassware - LabDirect
enlight
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[*] posted on 18-5-2021 at 14:53


21 CFR part 1310.04 (§1310.04) states the following:

Quote:

For listed chemicals for which no thresholds have been established, the size of the transaction is not a factor in determining whether the transaction meets the definition of a regulated transaction as set forth in §1300.02 of this chapter. All such transactions, regardless of size, are subject to recordkeeping and reporting requirements as set forth in this part and notification provisions as set forth in part 1313 of this chapter.


Unfortunately, iodine does not have an established threshold. §1310.08 does make an exception for iodine solutions, but it also establishes a reporting threshold:

Quote:

Domestic and international transactions of Lugol's Solution (consisting of 5 percent iodine and 10 percent potassium iodide in an aqueous solution) in original manufacturer's packaging of one-fluid- ounce (30 milliliters) or less, and no greater than one package per transaction.


If anybody knows of any exceptions for iodine that are not covered in the above articles, let me know.
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[*] posted on 18-5-2021 at 15:21


Quote: Originally posted by arkoma  
WHAT exactly are you required to do, and what am i required to do if say, i wanted several hundred grams of my favorite halogen?


Import, export, and distribution of threshold amounts of list 1 chems requires DEA registration. The seller is required to positively ID the customer and keep records, they must be registered also.

BTW as far as "cartels and mob bosses" goes...it doesn't take much to be considered a cartel or mob boss in some places...the chemical doesn't have to be on any list either.

[Edited on 18-5-2021 by S.C. Wack]




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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 08:17


Quote: Originally posted by arkoma  
gonna say what i told the kids that opened the marijuana dispensary in texarkana--"please keep your T's crossed and I's dotted, we need you in business"

Now could you clarify a finer point for me? WHAT exactly are you required to do, and what am i required to do if say, i wanted several hundred grams of my favorite halogen? KI is a pain in the ass, and it takes a boatload of it (I) to halogenate anything.


Sure! I assume you're talking about elemental/prilled Iodine? The DEA manual states that anything under 400g is exempted from reporting unless it's a "suspicious" order. Here's what they say about that:

Quote:

The law, 21 U.S.C. § 830 (b)(1)(A), requires that each regulated person shall report to the Attorney General any regulated transaction involving an extraordinary quantity of a listed chemical, an uncommon method of payment or delivery, or any other circumstance that the regulated person believes may indicate that the listed chemical will be used in violation of the law. (....) When a regulated person suspects that an order may be intended for illicit purposes, good practice requires that every reasonable effort be made to resolve those suspicions. In addition to making the required reports, the transaction should not be completed until the customer is able to eliminate the suspicions. The distributor may have to forego some transactions. When DEA reviews distributor decisions, minor events are not cause for government action. (...)



So if we know you and you're ordering 250g of I2 with, say, HgO and benzene, something that makes it obvious it's for legitimate chemistry, that's clearly not suspicious and we're not required to submit any paperwork for anything under 400g. But if someone we don't know comes along and fills out a special order form as Tweak and says "Hey bro, can you hook me up with 399g I2, a pound of Aluminum Sulfate, and 500g Red Phosphorous? Oh and can I pay with bitcoin and I need you to ship it to a vacant lot under the name John Doe." then we have to submit a report. Appendex E on page 38 of the DEA Chemical Handlers Manual (43 of the PDF) gives a good list of examples of what constitutes a suspicious order.

I couldn't agree more about staying on the right side of the laws and we definitely aren't lackadaisical about it, but the fact is that these exemptions were put in place specifically so people like us are able to continue to do chemistry within the law. The fact that most suppliers treat everyone as guilty until proven innocent isn't because it's the law, it's because it's easier for them - and the fact that the major institutions they do sell to will pay pretty much any price they ask means they can afford to turn away legitimate amateur chemists and independent researchers by default. We believe that the vast majority of customers genuinely have the same passion for science we do and deserve to be treated as such unless they prove otherwise, and we're willing to put in a bit more legwork getting to know our customers and verifying things if it means a stronger independent chemistry community.
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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 08:41


Quote: Originally posted by LabDIRECT  

Sure! I assume you're talking about elemental/prilled Iodine? The DEA manual states that anything under 400g is exempted from reporting unless it's a "suspicious" order.


Frankly, 400 g of iodine isn't that much. Iodine is quite heavy, so 400g is only about 3 mol. The same molar amount of phosphorus would be 100 g only…

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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 08:50


It’s plenty if you typically work on a sub-molar scale



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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 09:10


Quote: Originally posted by S.C. Wack  
Quote: Originally posted by arkoma  
WHAT exactly are you required to do, and what am i required to do if say, i wanted several hundred grams of my favorite halogen?


Import, export, and distribution of threshold amounts of list 1 chems requires DEA registration. The seller is required to positively ID the customer and keep records, they must be registered also.


[Edited on 18-5-2021 by S.C. Wack]




You got it. And to clarify, the record keeping requirements are not anything exclusive to the DEA or chemical sales, and there's not really any requirements beyond what is mandated of any business in the US. If you buy a pound of cheddar cheese from Walmart.com, they are required to keep a record of the transaction information on file for x years, and it's the same here. There's no requirement to submit them, etc, or anything beyond filling them away (that doesn't apply to ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine however - for those you are required to submit a full transaction report monthly regardless of quantity, but we don't sell those obviously.)

Quote:

BTW as far as "cartels and mob bosses" goes...it doesn't take much to be considered a cartel or mob boss in some places...the chemical doesn't have to be on any list either.


That's definitely not wrong - it's definitely possible for someone to act suspiciously enough to raise red flags even if they aren't buying any Listed/Watched items. Again I direct anyone to page 38 (PDF p43) of the DEA Chemical Handlers Manual - the fact that it's up to the discretion of distributers to determine what is and isn't suspicious means that some places will flag anything on the list even if there's no other reason to (or in fact, additional reasons NOT to) believe its actually suspicious. But I feel distributers should always try their best to clear any doubts or questions up and get to understand the customer, what they are trying to do, what they're like, etc. They shouldn't just shut them down and file a report for orders of non listed/watched chemicals as a first reaction. Doing so is just wasting taxpayer resources and in fact, the DEA manual even specifically states: "When DEA reviews distributor decisions, minor events are not cause for government action."
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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 09:30


Quote: Originally posted by enlight  
21 CFR part 1310.04 (§1310.04) states the following:

Quote:

For listed chemicals for which no thresholds have been established, the size of the transaction is not a factor in determining whether the transaction meets the definition of a regulated transaction as set forth in §1300.02 of this chapter. All such transactions, regardless of size, are subject to recordkeeping and reporting requirements as set forth in this part and notification provisions as set forth in part 1313 of this chapter.


Unfortunately, iodine does not have an established threshold. §1310.08 does make an exception for iodine solutions, but it also establishes a reporting threshold:

Quote:

Domestic and international transactions of Lugol's Solution (consisting of 5 percent iodine and 10 percent potassium iodide in an aqueous solution) in original manufacturer's packaging of one-fluid- ounce (30 milliliters) or less, and no greater than one package per transaction.


If anybody knows of any exceptions for iodine that are not covered in the above articles, let me know.


Not sure if that's outdated or what but the DEA's current listings for List II indicates that Iodine (elemental not solution) has a 400g threshold for domestic sale. I attached the relevant table of appendix B.

As far as other exceptions, the big one would be for imports - if it's not a domestic sale, any I2 coming directly from an overseas supplier is not regulated and there is no threshold amount/limit.

We don't sell in over 400g quantities domestically, and while it would technically be legal for us to just dropship from our overseas suppliers, it's enough of a grey area that we feel more comfortable passing anyone with larger orders off to our overseas suppliers directly.

List ii.jpeg - 184kB
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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 10:25


Quote: Originally posted by Texium  
It’s plenty if you typically work on a sub-molar scale


I mean, yeah, sure. But don’t expect to fill a big flask of MeI with 400g of I₂. 1 mole MeI ~ 70 mL… so 3 would be 200 mL, and that’s with a 100% yield…

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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 10:56


This discussion of iodine is confusing and surprising the heck out of me!

So much energy here has been poured into, for example, the production of elemental phosphorous on the grounds that it can't be legally purchased in the United States, it being on the DEA List 1 of chemicals. All this time I was lead to believe that List 1 chemicals were treated basically the same as controlled substances, for which sale or possession is a most heinous crime. While it seems contradictory that phosphorous is on legal match boxes and iodine is in legal OTC antiseptic, we also see this craziness in opium poppy seeds legally sold at grocery and hardware stores, while fields for cultivation remain illegal.

So what am I missing here? I thought the difference between list 1 and list 2 is that there is a threshold for purchasing such ubiquitous solvents as acetone (list 2), while there is none for ergotamine (list 1). So what is the difference? I would like to know, because while I could legally buy highly useful PCl3, for example, it would cost many times more than elemental phosphorous, bleach and HCl, and us hobbyists are on a small budget, not making sales.

Quote: Originally posted by Keras  
Frankly, 400 g of iodine isn't that much. Iodine is quite heavy, so 400g is only about 3 mol. The same molar amount of phosphorus would be 100 g only…


Even if the limit to buy is 400 grams that would be great, if there is no limit to how many times such an order could be placed. Besides, I use iodine mainly to stain TLC. Do you know how many TLC could be stained with 400 grams of iodine? :)
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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 11:04


One could argue that 21 CFR §1310 is more applicable 21 USC §830, due to the former being an interpretation of the latter by the DEA. It appears that the DEA Chemical Handler's Manual was published in 2004, but the attached CFR entry (revised 04-01-2020) expounds the provisions of 21 USC §830.

The distinction is statutory vs. regulatory and I have no professional experience interpreting either of the two, so I can't attest to which is most applicable.

Along with all this nonsense I've stated, as long as your recordkeeping is hygienic, you should not have an issue :)

That being said, I would definitely consider taking a close look at the attached document.

Attachment: CFR-2020-title21-vol9-sec1310-04.pdf (249kB)
This file has been downloaded 241 times

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[*] posted on 19-5-2021 at 15:06


The iodine law was changed almost 14 years ago, it was likely mentioned here...see the Federal Register July 2 2007 pp. 35920-35931 for the final rule and discussion. "Household products such as 2 percent iodine tincture/solution and household disinfectants containing iodine complexes will not be adversely impacted by this regulation. Additionally, the final rule exempts transactions of up to one-fluid ounce (30 ml) of Lugol's Solution."



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[*] posted on 20-5-2021 at 00:51


Quote: Originally posted by student  
Even if the limit to buy is 400 grams that would be great, if there is no limit to how many times such an order could be placed. Besides, I use iodine mainly to stain TLC. Do you know how many TLC could be stained with 400 grams of iodine? :)


I don’t take part in the legal discussion since I’m outside the US, as my stubborn use of British English testifies. But yeah, if you use iodine for TLC staining or Grignard initiation, you’re more than fine with 400g. You won’t feel cramped until you start using iodine as a nucleophile.
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[*] posted on 20-5-2021 at 10:05


The confusion revolves around statutory, regulatory and advisory output of agencies.
Statutory is hard and fast, it is law.
However if an agency puts out regulatory and advisory guidance that contradict each other, then the least stringent portion prevails. Ie. you can't tell people to do it one way and then punish them because you put out contradictory information.
Simply keeping credit card and shipping information on file is adequate for non-suspicious transactions.
I am not a lawyer and the DEA may differ in their interpretation but that is my understanding.

paying with a credit card and ordering to a business is not generally suspicious.
paying with bitcoin for local pick up would be suspicious (and not meet ID requirements).

reporting requirements are annually I believe.

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[*] posted on 21-5-2021 at 18:51


Quote: Originally posted by enlight  
One could argue that 21 CFR §1310 is more applicable 21 USC §830, due to the former being an interpretation of the latter by the DEA. It appears that the DEA Chemical Handler's Manual was published in 2004, but the attached CFR entry (revised 04-01-2020) expounds the provisions of 21 USC §830.

The distinction is statutory vs. regulatory and I have no professional experience interpreting either of the two, so I can't attest to which is most applicable.

Along with all this nonsense I've stated, as long as your recordkeeping is hygienic, you should not have an issue :)

That being said, I would definitely consider taking a close look at the attached document.


That's the great thing about US law - it's so tangled up in itself, trying to unravel it is a nightmare. According to that document, the info on no-threshold transactions is dated [54 FR 31665, Aug. 1, 1989] but the document seems to be newer than the current DEA Manual... But assuming that DOES supersede the manual, this seems like a very relevant excerpt:

Quote:
§ 1310.05 Reports.
(a)(1) Each regulated person must report to the Special Agent in Charge of
the DEA Divisional Office for the area in which the regulated person making
the report is located any regulated transaction involving an extraordinary
quantity of a listed chemical, an uncommon method of payment or delivery, or any other circumstance that the regulated person believes may indicate that the listed chemical will be used in violation of this part
. The regulated person will orally report to the...


So again, that would seem to indicate it's basically left up to the distributor to determine what constitutes an extraordinary/suspicious quantity for no-threshold transactions based off the guide in the manual, with the only requirement for legitimate/non suspicious transactions being record-keeping.

Thank you for the research by the way and I welcome your input. For a small fish in a big pond, every bit of support really goes a long way.
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[*] posted on 21-5-2021 at 19:48


Quote: Originally posted by S.C. Wack  
The iodine law was changed almost 14 years ago, it was likely mentioned here...see the Federal Register July 2 2007 pp. 35920-35931 for the final rule and discussion. "Household products such as 2 percent iodine tincture/solution and household disinfectants containing iodine complexes will not be adversely impacted by this regulation. Additionally, the final rule exempts transactions of up to one-fluid ounce (30 ml) of Lugol's Solution."


The fact that the DEA STILL haven't updated the documentation they point distributers to on their website is hard to wrap my head around - it seems like you're correct however as I pointed out in my last post, by making it a no-threshold item, it leaves it to the distributer to parse the guidelines and determine what is and isn't a suspicious amount. With all the contradicting guidance and documentation, I think ultimately it comes down to "Good Faith". I can't find any examples of the DEA going after a small company that was clearly making a good faith effort towards the spirit of the law.

You can find plenty of laws that have been counterproductive or that have hurt the chemistry community, but as I said before, that's more down to the suppliers' reaction to the laws, not the laws themselves; the DEA has actually done a fairly decent job of carving out exceptions to make room for a healthy chemistry community. They aren't wasting money and manpower trying to hassle individuals who have a passion for thin-layer chromatography or who have a CRISPR kit in their garage. When you read their documentation regarding chemical supply and distribution, as well as the regs themselves, it's pretty clear they're designed to target large-scale illicit cartel chemistry (acetone, MEK, ether, south American country-specific laws, etc), or people who have no passion for science and zero chemistry knowledge trying to brew up kilos of methamphetamine in 2-liter coke bottles (ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, iodine, etc). The section about suspicious orders emphasizes how verifying the customer speaks knowledgeably about the chemistry is an important part of clearing up red flags, which says a lot about their attitude to the community, and to independent researchers and legitimate amateur/hobby chemistry as a whole IMO.
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[*] posted on 21-5-2021 at 19:51


Quote: Originally posted by macckone  
The confusion revolves around statutory, regulatory and advisory output of agencies.
Statutory is hard and fast, it is law.
However if an agency puts out regulatory and advisory guidance that contradict each other, then the least stringent portion prevails. Ie. you can't tell people to do it one way and then punish them because you put out contradictory information.
Simply keeping credit card and shipping information on file is adequate for non-suspicious transactions.
I am not a lawyer and the DEA may differ in their interpretation but that is my understanding.

paying with a credit card and ordering to a business is not generally suspicious.
paying with bitcoin for local pick up would be suspicious (and not meet ID requirements).

reporting requirements are annually I believe.



This. I think you laid it out perfectly.
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[*] posted on 21-5-2021 at 20:31


Richard, it’s really nice to see such a responsive and transparent company that’s willing to support this community! I’m not practicing home chemistry currently, but I’m working on my PhD in a university research lab. Sometimes I have to order chemicals for my project. If we ever need something that you supply, I will try to order it from you first instead of giving more money to Sigma-Aldrich, Fisher, or VWR.



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[*] posted on 21-5-2021 at 21:12


Quote: Originally posted by LabDIRECT  
The fact that the DEA STILL haven't updated the documentation they point distributers to on their website is hard to wrap my head around


It was a one-time thing AFAIK...their budget must not be big enough now...has anyone in the past 10 years (outside of academic publishing) made a pdf that wasn't converted powerpoint slides? The dumbing down, the progressively lower standards, the shoddification of the country would be obvious to anyone of a certain age, if it wasn't for the unawareness black hole which came with that.

The entire part 1310 "records and reports of listed chemicals and certain machines" of a newer 21 CFR has to be read as a single document, to see the forest.

[Edited on 22-5-2021 by S.C. Wack]




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[*] posted on 21-5-2021 at 22:28


Quote: Originally posted by S.C. Wack  
Quote: Originally posted by LabDIRECT  
The dumbing down, the progressively lower standards, the shoddification of the country would be obvious to anyone of a certain age, if it wasn't for the unawareness black hole which came with that.



Unfortunately, that happens everywhere on this globe, so you'd rather use ‘world’ here.

Hey- and halcyon days are behind us guys… (half-joking, but half only).

[Edited on 22-5-2021 by Keras]
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[*] posted on 22-5-2021 at 05:27


Quote: Originally posted by Texium  
Richard, it’s really nice to see such a responsive and transparent company that’s willing to support this community! I’m not practicing home chemistry currently, but I’m working on my PhD in a university research lab. Sometimes I have to order chemicals for my project. If we ever need something that you supply, I will try to order it from you first instead of giving more money to Sigma-Aldrich, Fisher, or VWR.


Thanks Texium! We feel it's so important to be open and transparent, as well as accessible to the entire community. I know so many people who got into chemistry professionally due to an interest that began here, or reddit, or youtube - if these communities are left to wither, it would be a TREMENDOUS loss for the entire discipline.

Best of luck with the PhD! I'd love to hear your thesis! I've personally been working closely with a few other Doctoral/Masters candidates currently (a few at UConn, one at Virginia Tech and another on the west coast) to supply them with whatever they need their research - the kind words and great feedback we've been getting really gives us the best kind of motivation possible. We love doing whatever we can to support research and education and try to give students and professors whatever discounts we can so be sure to email us before you order and let us know it's you!
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[*] posted on 22-5-2021 at 05:40


Quote: Originally posted by S.C. Wack  
Quote: Originally posted by LabDIRECT  
The fact that the DEA STILL haven't updated the documentation they point distributers to on their website is hard to wrap my head around


It was a one-time thing AFAIK...their budget must not be big enough now...has anyone in the past 10 years (outside of academic publishing) made a pdf that wasn't converted powerpoint slides? The dumbing down, the progressively lower standards, the shoddification of the country would be obvious to anyone of a certain age, if it wasn't for the unawareness black hole which came with that.

The entire part 1310 "records and reports of listed chemicals and certain machines" of a newer 21 CFR has to be read as a single document, to see the forest.

[Edited on 22-5-2021 by S.C. Wack]


I have to admit, I chuckled at "their budget must not be big enough now..." ... And the part about Powerpoint slides. So true. And as for the dumbing down, the progressively lower standards, and the shoddification of the country - truer words my friend. Although it's not just people of a certain age that see it anymore - I know plenty of 30-somethings who have seen it for ages now, and even a fair number of bright 20-somethings see right through the BS surprisingly enough. The bus can only veer towards the cliff so far until the passengers start jumping up to take the wheel back...
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[*] posted on 22-6-2021 at 04:05


My purchase with LabDIRECT went smoothly. There was some delay because I ordered outside of their "chemicals on hand" list, but communication was excellent. The chemicals arrived well packaged and well packed.
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[*] posted on 25-7-2021 at 16:06


I ordered some reagents (benzyl alcohol and p-toluenesulfonic acid) that were not stocked by LabDirect. They were able to acquire those from TCI at a very reasonable price. This will be some of the only chemicals on my collection bearing original labels from a major chemical manufacturer/distributor! I'm glad they are able to offer this service.

I also inquired about some of the glassware they were advertising, and Richard was able to find a great chromatography column (ChemGlass, rodaviss joints) that met my exact specifications. It'll be great when I can make use of the additional functionality, as I'm still saving for a proper enclosure (fume hood). Then, I can safely perform some flash chromatography.

*Edited for spelling
Friendly, good service, good prices, best of luck to Richard and the rest at LabDirect!

[Edited on 26-7-2021 by enlight]
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