Sciencemadness Discussion Board
Not logged in [Login ]
Go To Bottom

Printable Version  
 Pages:  1  ..  89    91  
Author: Subject: The Short Questions Thread (4)
mackolol
National Hazard
****




Posts: 374
Registered: 26-10-2017
Location: Poland
Member Is Offline

Mood: Psychedelic

[*] posted on 20-4-2020 at 08:28


Quote: Originally posted by Sulaiman  
Apply vacuum first then heat,
if you heat first, when you apply vacuum there is a good chance of violent boiling.


But is there any other disadvantage beside too violent boiling? (maybe glassware damage)

Quote: Originally posted by fusso  
You forgot that the heat would also increase the pressure causing an explosion.


Ah, right
View user's profile View All Posts By User
Sulaiman
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 2946
Registered: 8-2-2015
Location: UK ... on extended Holiday in Malaysia
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 25-4-2020 at 04:20
Has anyone checked the 'accuracy' of cheap Chinese pH papers ?






CAUTION : Hobby Chemist, not Professional or even Amateur
View user's profile View All Posts By User
mackolol
National Hazard
****




Posts: 374
Registered: 26-10-2017
Location: Poland
Member Is Offline

Mood: Psychedelic

[*] posted on 25-4-2020 at 05:36


I'm using ones and they work quite well for my purposes, but the scale isn't very precise..
View user's profile View All Posts By User
karlos³
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 917
Registered: 10-1-2011
Location: yes!
Member Is Offline

Mood: verrückt & wissenschaftlich

[*] posted on 30-5-2020 at 23:33


The chemoluminescence reaction with NaBH4 and KMnO4 is known I would guess?
I would like to try it soon, but the reaction also calls for sodium hexametaphosphate which I don't have.

But why is that stuff involved?
I don't understand it, because actually, it is not really involved:
NaBH4 + Mn(III, IV or VIII)/H+→ products + Mn(II)*→ Mn(II) + light (~690nm)

What does this salt do in there? Is it needed?
Can it be replaced, if so, what can I use as replacement?
I read up on that, and besides it seems that it can be substituted with sodium orthophosphate, and that it is only in there because it affects the wavelength.

What would be a good replacement? I have no phosphorus acid, neither its salts.
chemplayer uses phosphoric acid, instead of the sulfuric, is it just for acidification used, or does it affect the wavelenght as well?
Only P-containing substance I can offer would be some sodium hypophosphite.

Can someone help? I would really love to try it, but I'm just not sure if it is even worthwhile under these circumstances.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
wg48temp9
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 534
Registered: 30-12-2018
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 31-5-2020 at 08:58


Quote: Originally posted by karlos³  
The chemoluminescence reaction with NaBH4 and KMnO4 is known I would guess?
I would like to try it soon, but the reaction also calls for sodium hexametaphosphate which I don't have.

But why is that stuff involved?
I don't understand it, because actually, it is not really involved:
NaBH4 + Mn(III, IV or VIII)/H+→ products + Mn(II)*→ Mn(II) + light (~690nm)

What does this salt do in there? Is it needed?
Can it be replaced, if so, what can I use as replacement?
I read up on that, and besides it seems that it can be substituted with sodium orthophosphate, and that it is only in there because it affects the wavelength.

What would be a good replacement? I have no phosphorus acid, neither its salts.
chemplayer uses phosphoric acid, instead of the sulfuric, is it just for acidification used, or does it affect the wavelenght as well?
Only P-containing substance I can offer would be some sodium hypophosphite.

Can someone help? I would really love to try it, but I'm just not sure if it is even worthwhile under these circumstances.


You should read the following paper:
Attachment: Mechanism-Permanganate-Chemiluminescence-hindson2010.pdf (436kB)
This file has been downloaded 61 times

Apparently polyphosphate ions complex Mn3+ which increases the chemoluminescence 50 fold. The correct ph is also required.

Interestingly phenols and ascorbic acid can be used in place of the NaBH4.




i am wg48 but not on my usual pc hence the temp handle.

Thank goodness for Fleming and the fungi.

Old codger' lives matters, wear a mask and help save them.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
mayko
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 1058
Registered: 17-1-2013
Location: Carrboro, NC
Member Is Offline

Mood: anomalous

[*] posted on 31-5-2020 at 11:53


You might be interested in this too (same first author)


Hindson, C. M., Smith, Z. M., Barnett, N. W., Hanson, G. R., Lim, K. F., & Francis, P. S. (2013). Autocatalytic Chemiluminescence Sheds New Light on the Classic Permanganate–Oxalate Reaction. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 117(19), 3918–3924. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp312603m




Attachment: Hindson et al. - 2013 - Autocatalytic chemiluminescence sheds new light on the classic permanganate-oxalate reaction.pdf (1.6MB)
This file has been downloaded 65 times





al-khemie is not a terrorist organization
"Chemicals, chemicals... I need chemicals!" - George Hayduke
"Wubbalubba dub-dub!" - Rick Sanchez
View user's profile Visit user's homepage View All Posts By User
karlos³
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 917
Registered: 10-1-2011
Location: yes!
Member Is Offline

Mood: verrückt & wissenschaftlich

[*] posted on 31-5-2020 at 17:26


Thank you both very much! :)
View user's profile View All Posts By User
karlos³
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 917
Registered: 10-1-2011
Location: yes!
Member Is Offline

Mood: verrückt & wissenschaftlich

[*] posted on 18-6-2020 at 06:06


I need some dimethylamine freebase, and I have DMF, can I hydrolyse it with base simply at RT?0
That would be very practical for me, giving me a solution I can use directly as it is for the reductive amination I intend to use it for.
If not, I guess I have to go via the HCl hydrolysis instead.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
stoichiometric_steve
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 783
Registered: 14-12-2005
Member Is Offline

Mood: satyric

[*] posted on 18-6-2020 at 12:24


Quote: Originally posted by karlos³  
I need some dimethylamine freebase, and I have DMF, can I hydrolyse it with base simply at RT?0
That would be very practical for me, giving me a solution I can use directly as it is for the reductive amination I intend to use it for.
If not, I guess I have to go via the HCl hydrolysis instead.


Why not hydrolyze with NaOH with heating, driving off the Dimethylamine through a drying column and collecting it in chilled MeOH until saturated?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
karlos³
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 917
Registered: 10-1-2011
Location: yes!
Member Is Offline

Mood: verrückt & wissenschaftlich

[*] posted on 18-6-2020 at 12:37


Because the smell lingers :D
Well guess I rather go via the HCl hydrolysis.
Its better and easier stored this way.
My ketone is a hydroxyketone as you well know, and so it will form an imine very readily and a stable one even.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
stoichiometric_steve
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 783
Registered: 14-12-2005
Member Is Offline

Mood: satyric

[*] posted on 26-6-2020 at 15:37


Quote: Originally posted by karlos³  
Because the smell lingers :D
Well guess I rather go via the HCl hydrolysis.
Its better and easier stored this way.
My ketone is a hydroxyketone as you well know, and so it will form an imine very readily and a stable one even.


You have a point there, but i think a solution in MeOH would be way more versatile, and if set up correctly, you won't even have to deal with any fumes whatsoever.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
Belowzero
Hazard to Self
**




Posts: 84
Registered: 6-5-2020
Location:                 Member Is Offline
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 3-7-2020 at 04:48


After the whole corona thing dies down I expect the market to be flooded by used cheap plexiglass , perhaps even free.
While looking for fumehood designs I stumbled across designs that are made entirely out of plexiglass , although not the most important feat. it looks really slick.
Relatively easy material to work with and not too heavy.

Now I wonder if this material is resistant enough to withstand at least a few years of abuse?
I could coat the parts exposed to the highest airflow volume with say epoxy/paint to make it more resilliant.


[Edited on 3-7-2020 by Belowzero]
View user's profile View All Posts By User
Σldritch
Hazard to Others
***




Posts: 231
Registered: 22-3-2016
Member Is Offline

Mood: No Mood

[*] posted on 5-7-2020 at 12:24


How much space do i need for GAMESS, macmolplt and avogadro? I want to look at orbitals of up to maybe 30 atom clusters and only have 30Gb. Do i even have enough space for all the programs?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
karlos³
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 917
Registered: 10-1-2011
Location: yes!
Member Is Offline

Mood: verrückt & wissenschaftlich

[*] posted on 30-7-2020 at 14:40


How reliable is this patent regarding the reductive amination of napthylglyoxyl hydrate?
Can aldehyde hydrates be reductively aminated like this? Never saw another example of it so far.
The patent is United States Patent Office 3,463,808, like look at example 13.
Or, United States Patent Office 3,312,733, example 9.
What do you guys think? I'm trying to run a reductive amination of 2-naphthylglyoxyl hydrate right now, but I am not so confident it will work.
Still in the process of aldimine formation.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
karlos³
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 917
Registered: 10-1-2011
Location: yes!
Member Is Offline

Mood: verrückt & wissenschaftlich

[*] posted on 31-7-2020 at 11:51


Sadly, it didn't seem to work so far.
I still have to work it up properly, but after an acidic quench way too much oil fell out, indicating my substrate hasn't reacted to an amine as intended.

Can someone shoot an opinion about these doubtful patents please?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
LuckyWinner
Hazard to Self
**




Posts: 73
Registered: 27-8-2018
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 8-8-2020 at 01:25


i dried my calcium chloride dehydrate inside an old iron pan with some minor rust on the stove.

my CaCl appears dry but it now has a slight reddish , (iron oxide?) tint.

will this cause any trouble when drying diethyl ether for example or other solvents?

how can I clean my CaCl from the rust contamination?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
Sulaiman
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 2946
Registered: 8-2-2015
Location: UK ... on extended Holiday in Malaysia
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 20-8-2020 at 03:07


I want to make chloroform via the haloform reaction but I am presently unable to cool the bleach so
can I add acetone to RT bleach a little at a time over an extended period?
E. G. 5L 6% sodium hypochlorite plus acetone in 10ml portions over several hours to allow cooling.
and
acetone bp=56C, how high can I allow the temperature of the mixture to get without significant losses?




CAUTION : Hobby Chemist, not Professional or even Amateur
View user's profile View All Posts By User
j_sum1
Administrator
********




Posts: 5245
Registered: 4-10-2014
Location: Oz
Member Is Offline

Mood: Metastable, and that's good enough.

[*] posted on 20-8-2020 at 04:38


Quote: Originally posted by Sulaiman  
I want to make chloroform via the haloform reaction but I am presently unable to cool the bleach so
can I add acetone to RT bleach a little at a time over an extended period?
E. G. 5L 6% sodium hypochlorite plus acetone in 10ml portions over several hours to allow cooling.
and
acetone bp=56C, how high can I allow the temperature of the mixture to get without significant losses?

No expert. I have only done it a few times.
I have always heard that you need to keep temp brlow 20C during the reaction and that NaOH byproduct causes chloroform to decompose. Both of these would suggest problems with what you propose.
Can't you buy a bag of ice?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
S.C. Wack
bibliomaster
*****




Posts: 2169
Registered: 7-5-2004
Location: Cornworld, Central USA
Member Is Offline

Mood: Enhanced

[*] posted on 20-8-2020 at 13:58


The only time anyone does it (edit: should do it) cold is when they are trying to do it without glassware.

[Edited on 21-8-2020 by S.C. Wack]




"You're going to be all right, kid...Everything's under control." Yossarian, to Snowden
View user's profile Visit user's homepage View All Posts By User
Sulaiman
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 2946
Registered: 8-2-2015
Location: UK ... on extended Holiday in Malaysia
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 20-8-2020 at 21:31


I tried 5L of 5.5% NaOCl with 200ml acetone at RT (c30oC)
here is a view of the crude product :
yield.jpg - 30kB

A yield of 3.7% :(
____________________________________________________
I am fairly confident that the bulk of the remaining available chloroform (estimate >60ml) is dissolved in the 5L of water.
I may try distilling the 5L solution sometime later to see what I can recover.
_____________________________________________________
Judging by smell (which is not quantitive) there was significant evaporation of chloroform during the experiment.
... 200ml of chloroform lost to the 5L solution and the environment :(
______________________________________________________

Do not waste effort trying this at home :)
===============================================
next: playing with tcca per this thread and links http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=5686




CAUTION : Hobby Chemist, not Professional or even Amateur
View user's profile View All Posts By User
Jimmymajesty
Hazard to Others
***




Posts: 146
Registered: 9-7-2009
Member Is Offline

Mood: No Mood

[*] posted on 1-9-2020 at 13:14


Is there an easy way to convert N'N'diethyl hydroxylamine back to hydroxylamine? Thanks for your help!
View user's profile View All Posts By User
solo
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 3750
Registered: 9-12-2002
Location: Estados Unidos de La Republica Mexicana
Member Is Offline

Mood: ....getting old and drowning in a sea of knowledge

[*] posted on 8-9-2020 at 09:04


What is this piece used for....some type of trap .?......solo

5E578C39-EA28-4B4D-946F-BE9D527C218D.jpeg - 1.8MB




It's better to die on your feet, than live on your knees....Emiliano Zapata.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
RogueRose
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 1518
Registered: 16-6-2014
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 8-9-2020 at 15:57


Quote: Originally posted by Sulaiman  
I tried 5L of 5.5% NaOCl with 200ml acetone at RT (c30oC)
here is a view of the crude product :


A yield of 3.7% :(
____________________________________________________
I am fairly confident that the bulk of the remaining available chloroform (estimate >60ml) is dissolved in the 5L of water.
I may try distilling the 5L solution sometime later to see what I can recover.
_____________________________________________________
Judging by smell (which is not quantitive) there was significant evaporation of chloroform during the experiment.
... 200ml of chloroform lost to the 5L solution and the environment :(
______________________________________________________

Do not waste effort trying this at home :)
===============================================
next: playing with tcca per this thread and links http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=5686


Was your bleach new? I've heard of low yields from using old NaOCl. Did you chill the bleach and the acetone before mixing the two?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
RogueRose
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 1518
Registered: 16-6-2014
Member Is Offline


[*] posted on 8-9-2020 at 16:02


Well you kind of cut off the bottom of the picture, is it just sealed glass at the bottom? Also, does the tube from the top & middle section seal to the bottom tube, or is it open at the bottom?
View user's profile View All Posts By User
solo
International Hazard
*****




Posts: 3750
Registered: 9-12-2002
Location: Estados Unidos de La Republica Mexicana
Member Is Offline

Mood: ....getting old and drowning in a sea of knowledge

[*] posted on 8-9-2020 at 17:16


sealed at the bottom with a small hole on the upper side...and open on top ....solo

[Edited on 9-9-2020 by solo]

[Edited on 9-9-2020 by solo]

IMG_3748.JPG - 48kBIMG_3747.JPG - 40kBIMG_3749.JPG - 43kBIMG_3750.JPG - 53kBIMG_3751.JPG - 54kBIMG_3752.JPG - 48kB




It's better to die on your feet, than live on your knees....Emiliano Zapata.
View user's profile View All Posts By User
 Pages:  1  ..  89    91  

  Go To Top