| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||182.17 g/mol|
|Melting point||95–111 °C (203–232 °F; 368–384 K)|
|Boiling point||290–295 °C (554–563 °F; 563–568 K)|
|235 g/100 ml|
|Solubility||Soluble in acetic acid, ethanol, methanol|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich (D)|
|Flash point||100 °C (212 °F; 373 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Sorbitol or glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste, used as a sugar substitute. The most common form is D-sorbitol. It has the chemical formula C6H14O6.
Sorbitol can be nitrated to sorbitol nitrates.
Sorbitol is a white crystalline solid, with a sweet fruity taste, more pronounced than that of xylitol. It is extremely soluble in water (2350 g/L), acetic acid, ethanol and methanol, but insoluble in most nonpolar solvents. Sorbitol melts at 111 °C and boils between 290–295 °C (values altered by water content).
Sorbitol is available as sugar substitute in most supermarkets, at various purities and prices. Some brands may have <1% sucralose.
Sorbitol can be prepared by reducing glucose with hydrogen.
- Sugar substitute
- Sorbitol nitrate
Sorbitol poses little hazard, though if consumed in large quantities is will induce a laxative effect.
Sorbitol should be kept in closed containers. Since it is hygroscopic, it's a good idea to keep it in a plastic bag inside the storage container.
Sorbitol is considered non-toxic and doesn't require special disposal. Can be safely poured down the drain or dumped in the ground.