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Author: Subject: What to do with TCCA (Trichloroisocyanuricacid)
Gooferking Science
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[*] posted on 16-8-2013 at 05:58
What to do with TCCA (Trichloroisocyanuricacid)


Hello! I got some TCCA to make some pure chlorine gas. It was only available in large quantities, so now I have five pounds (2.2 Kilograms) of it and I have absolutely no idea what to do with it. Any suggestions?



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Finnnicus
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[*] posted on 16-8-2013 at 06:05


http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=5686#p...



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Mailinmypocket
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[*] posted on 16-8-2013 at 07:01


Well, since you said you wanted to make chlorine...

http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=9713
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[*] posted on 16-8-2013 at 13:30


Lately I tried synthesis of chloroform from TCCA directly, but got very low yields (20-30% I estimate), it would be good if one tries to develop a better method for this.
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Dr.Arz
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[*] posted on 20-10-2014 at 10:41


Does anyone know if stainless steel 300 series can be used as reaction vessel in TCCA chlorination reactions involving organic reactants, solvents and water? I have had impression that steel materials can leach trace amounts of metal compounds into solutions especially when halogens are involved and they can cause catastrophic catalytic reactions. The reactions hereinmentioned are to be processed at room temperature or cooler.
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[*] posted on 20-10-2014 at 19:58


Here's another good thread on TCCA

http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=24088





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CuReUS
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 04:01


Quote: Originally posted by papaya  
Lately I tried synthesis of chloroform from TCCA directly, but got very low yields (20-30% I estimate), it would be good if one tries to develop a better method for this.


be grateful that no chloracetone formed
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=MQMGhInCvlgC&pg=PA119...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloroacetone
i eyes burn thinking about them even now:(
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Famousroger
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 13:43


Having worked in stainless surface chemistry in the recent past, I will say this; what is your concern as pertains to the steel? TCCA will be corrosive to 300 series stainless, but if you're evolving chlorine gas, none of the metals would be in a gas state; its stainless, so the passive surface will not degrade quickly...exposure time, temperature, solution/solvent, atmosphere, etc would be significant. Metal surface chem is often largely dictated by formation of passive external layers of oxidized metals that retain shape and structural integrity, while protecting internal alloyed metals. An example of a compromising environment for chromic passive layers, for example, would be the prevention of the formation of passive chromic acid layer; this is the significant feature related to the 'Russian mud' test in surface chem; automotive. This mud clings to a surface (esp. of a vehicle) and, due to the change in environment and subsequent restriction on formation of an effective passive layer, the surface becomes more susceptible to corrosion...in other words, tcca shouldn't be stored in stainless IMO. That being said, using the tcca in stainless steel at rt won't react more quickly than most any reactant in solution, but all this needs to be looked at in total.

As for chloroform synthesis, I am tempted to quote one of many of these science madness veterans and say, more or less , 'ooh, real chemists order that'...then who the fuck produces it; ugh. Now, that being said, there are some dangers related to production of chloroform, it is relatively easy. Sodium hypohlorite can be used as the source of chloride, acetone can be cleaved and chlorinated; producing 2 CHCl3, CO2, H2, H20...these are possible products; the target will be the CHCl3. You'll need 6 molar equivalents of NaOCl for every one of acetone. I suggest that, in polyethylene, you pour 6.1x(in moles), then some ice, then 1x acetone, slowly. I used a ten gallon pail with lid (like Tupperware, bin shape). Poured in 5 gallons bleach, added additional sodium hypochlorite from pool treatment (54% NaOCl)(the pool hypohlorite isn't nessecary, but it increases the volume of product without dramatically increasing volume of reactants - although it is more $ per mole naOCl). Once the acetone is slowly added to the bleach, one would gently shake until the bottom is warm to the touch. Once warmth is felt, add ice gently; IME, a depth of 10"+ of <45*F water will condense and contain chloroform forming. Bin should be shaked every so often, but you do not want temp at bottom to get HOT, the rxn can run away, boiling the chloroform and creating a potentially unfun or unsafe situation. once acetone is added, a lid was placed on bin. Lid had small (1/4") hole covered by a SMALL square of electrical tape (this seal should easily fail if pressure evolves). In my rxn I yielded 300mL after distillation. BP 64-65. Second distillation results in little loss of product, slightly higher BP (~66C). One problem was all 'inert ingredients' in dry pool NaOCl were chcl3 soluble, and chalky. Decanting off most of the water (lower density than CHCl3, h2o is top layer) was easy, as a thick white layer was beneathe the clear water. Once the rxn has gone to completion (10 hours of mild agitation to maintain elevated temp of lower portion of container; as this continues, aggitation will need to be progressively more violent) once agitation does not result in increased temp- decant in tall form clear glass with airtight closure. Pour off water down to a 1" layer after it has settled for a couple hours. Do this twice. Then distill.
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Chemosynthesis
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 15:10


Roger, I am back to loving your posts.

Perhaps you could make chloroacetic acid for future reaction with cellulose. Carboxymethylcellulose is useful in ion exchange chromatography which may be fairly novel in then amateur setting.
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 15:51


Reading with interest. I am going to be in much the same position soon. I intend to buy some TCCA to manufacture chlorine. The Cl2 is for a couple of fairly small projects. I am going to have a considerable quantity of TCCA left over.

So the question is largely a practical one -- what are some interesting, useful and worthwhile projects that could make use of the TCCA. Is it possible for example to make my own HCl (with less effort and expense than trotting down to the hardware store for muriatic acid). It is a strong oxidiser. Can I make use of that in any useful way? Is there some phenomenal-looking giant crystal growing experiment that I could do using the TCCA as a reagent?
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Famousroger
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 16:29


If you want simplicity, I suggest using it to bleach tee shirt stencils commenting on the Ebola crisis; mine says 'Ebola apocolypse 2014' (will post link and pic tomorrow).

TCCA can definitely be used to generate cyanuric acid and chlorine. Chlorine is released from tcca as its 'hydrolyzed' by water, producing the cl2 and cyanuric acid.

Yeah, I've no suggestion as to practical production or capture of chlorine from tcca, although I'm certain one could use this as a source of chlorine, I've no experience with it for this capacity, although a cursory net search will likely give you a lab-scale approach.
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 16:41


You can make tear gas, as well as Nitrogen Trichloride
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[*] posted on 21-10-2014 at 16:46


Quote: Originally posted by Famousroger  
Yeah, I've no suggestion as to practical production or capture of chlorine from tcca, although I'm certain one could use this as a source of chlorine, I've no experience with it for this capacity, although a cursory net search will likely give you a lab-scale approach.
TCCA + HCl liberates Cl2 according to http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=22473#...
It looks straightforward and I have no real issues with it. Although I should probably investigate what the other reaction products are.
And having a simple supply of Cl2 whenever I need it will actually be quite useful. But what to do with the rest of the 5kg bucket...
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[*] posted on 22-10-2014 at 07:50


Which one is worse chloroacetone or benzyl chloride?
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