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Author: Subject: Axis Manufacture of Hydrogen Peroxide
Xanthippe
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[*] posted on 26-1-2012 at 11:19
Axis Manufacture of Hydrogen Peroxide


These instructions will provide enough hair bleach for a lifetime.

Axis-Peroxide1.jpg - 350kBAxis-Peroxide2.jpg - 377kBAxis-Peroxide3.jpg - 442kBAxis-Peroxide4.jpg - 482kBAxis-Peroxide5.jpg - 550kB
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aaparatuss
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[*] posted on 26-1-2012 at 16:52


enjoyable. thanks

the Germans had it all except an easy front.
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AndersHoveland
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[*] posted on 26-1-2012 at 23:45


Yes, the Japanese methods of "industry" during the war were rather comical...
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franklyn
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[*] posted on 5-2-2012 at 00:36


@ Xanthippe
Thanks for that, made your images into a pdf

Attachment: Hydrogen Peroxide axis manufacture.pdf (754kB)
This file has been downloaded 684 times

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garage chemist
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[*] posted on 5-2-2012 at 02:35


I have the book from 1951 (Willi Machu, "Das Wasserstoffperoxid und die Perverbindungen") that details the german wartime process for hydrogen peroxide manufacture.
Essentially they electrolyse a solution of ammonium hydrogen sulfate and excess sulfuric acid with diaphragm and hydrolyze the persulfate by distillation with superheated pressurized steam. The distillate is vacuum fractionated to obtain the desired peroxide concentration.
The anode for the electrolysis is made of smooth platinum foil mechanically bonded to tantalum sheet by rolling, hammering or welding. There was experimentation towards alloys of platinum, but even a few percent of iridium already sharply decrease the current yield, and it was stated that smooth platinum of at least 99% purity is the only suitable anode material.
A special feature of this process was the hydrolyzer/evaporator, where the persulfate is hydrolyzed and the H2O2 simultaneously volatilized. If the ammonium persulfate-bearing electrolyte were simply subjected to atmospheric distillation, then crystallizing salts would give rise to bumping and encrustation of the heat exchanger surfaces, along with decomposition of the H2O2 since it decomposes rapidly at 100°C.
Instead, steam at 220°C and 5 bar pressure flows through an aspirator nozzle and entrains the electrolyte, which is flash heated and the vapors are immediately quenched then.
The hydrolysis and evaporation happen within a few milliseconds at far above 100°C, and there is almost no decomposition because of the short dwell time at this temperature.
This electrolytic H2O2 process is easy from a chemical view, the know-how is all in the engineering.




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