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Author: Subject: Synthesis of tetrahydrofuran derivative?
Eddygp
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[*] posted on 15-3-2017 at 08:22
Synthesis of tetrahydrofuran derivative?


I was messing around for a while and thought about a possible synthesis (attachment). It seems fairly ridiculous and I doubt it would ever work without a catalyst (more on this later). But here it is for R=Me:

Aldol condensation with acetone (deprotonated) + acetaldehyde gives pent-3-en-2-one, react with N-bromosuccinamide to yield the allyl bromide derivative and hydrolyse with water to give A.

React A with 4-nitroaniline forming an imine to get that -M extended resonance ready.
Now the crazy bit.
React this with styrene in a cyclisation, forming a C-O and a C-C bond (enthalpically favourable!) and taking all the excess electrons via the delocalisation. Sterics should only allow one structural isomer.
Proton transfer with the zwitterion gives the protected product, and upon hydrolysis of the amine gives the product 1-(4-phenyloxolan-3-yl)propan-2-one.

* if a catalyst is needed, the most plausible one would be one that binds to the alkene in styrene (or other alkenes for this reaction) and would be electron deficient.

Captura.JPG - 40kB

Edit: image should have been +H2O

[Edited on 15-3-2017 by Eddygp]




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CuReUS
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[*] posted on 15-3-2017 at 08:45


Quote: Originally posted by Eddygp  
React A with 4-nitroaniline forming an imine

Won't the aniline undergo a Michael reaction instead ?
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Eddygp
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[*] posted on 17-3-2017 at 07:09


True, conjugate addition is a fairly good competing reaction.
Nevertheless, will the following cyclisation take place? For that one, I can't see any competing reactions at all and it seems possible enough..?




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[*] posted on 17-3-2017 at 10:35


It looks like you are trying to create a 1,3-dipole? I don't think that what you have there is sufficient. Creating a C-C-O 1,3-dipole requires a lot more electron-withdrawing stuff at oxygen; you need an oxonium ylide, basically, usually something that must be generated in situ. You can use an excited epoxide which rearranges to a carbonyl ylide; that will result in a tetrahydrofuran derivative, but I don't know the specifics.

If anything you're looking at an aza-Diels-Alder cyclization between the unsaturated imine and styrene to a 1-(p-nitrophenyl)-2-phenyl-4-hydroxypiperidine.
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