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Author: Subject: Reduction of substituted 2-phenylnitroethenes to 2-phenylnitroethanes with NaBH4 - Maybe the greatest way to make tar
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[*] posted on 23-4-2018 at 20:53


Finally a great success to share:
A suspension of 5g substrate in a solvent-mixture composed of IPA and DCM (sry I didn't remember ratios and can't find the paper anymore the idea came from which used chloroform+IPA) and a huge excess (~maybe 40g if I remember correctly) of silical gel (made from silica gel* cat litter!!! which was finely powdered using an electric coffee grinder and kitchen metal sieve) was added in small portions to a suspensions of a teaspoon of homemade homemade "Raney-Ni T-4" to about 10g very old NaBH4 (catalyst and especially NaBH4 were used in extreme excess, the amount of NaBH4 should be a MASSIVE OVERKILL, a fraction could be used for sure) in little cold absolute EtOH. Everything was stirred using a magnetinc stirrer. Reaction was cooled slightly using an water bath and a few ice cubes - reaction at this scale was very smooth, it didn't get a very warm, cooling might be actually optional.

After addition the reaction stirrend for another one or two hours, the catalyst+silica gel were filtered off by suction filtration and washed with EtOH.

-->Don't don't destroy the NaBH4 as long as Ra-Ni is present, as it will yield into a very voluminous sludge which is very hard to filtrate and wash (and dangerous due the massive hydrogen evolutin and the pyrophoric nature of Ra-Ni).

The excess of NaBH4 was extracted two times with 40% aq. NaOH (--->maybe aq. potassium carbonate might be better but I'm not sure as 2C's do react rapidly with CO2 and maybe aswell with carbonates to form carbmates(!?), maybe someone has an idea to this point?<---), the organic phase was dried using fused and powdered MgSO4 (choosed it instead of waterfree Na2SO4, as it could partially neutralise traces of remaing NaOH which might hydrolyse the a part of the product during the destillation process), decanted from the drying agent and drying agent was washed three more times with EtOH, solvents were destilled and evaporated under aspirator vakuum using a boiling water bath as it source, the water bath was switched to an ~160°C oil bath, the revieving flask was switched to an 25mL oven-dried RBF and pump was switched to a two-stage rotary vane pump -->

The remaining oil was destilled** using the two strage rotary vane pump with a cold trap to yield 83%(!!!!) of theory of completly colorless 2C-H which was successfully identified by TLC and by making the HCl salt (by HCl-gas made from fusing NaCl and pre dried NaHSO4 in a flask on a hotplate , gassing the HCl into a little toluene+base, yielding 79% of constant dried very pure 2CH*HCl, directly hitting the literature metling point without further recristallsation)

Without the silica gel and absolute EtOH as only solvent the yield drops to about 50-60% "only" (still better than everything else tried except LAH).

*the silica gel acts as a weak proton donor to improve yield of the in-situ produced phenylnitroethane and avoid micheal-addition side product

**also tried A/B extraction with DCM, but DCM tends to form emulsions and you need very huge amounts (at least four extractions with a lot solvent) to get a similar yield with lower purity, so direct destillation is prefered

Discussion:
-Cat litter silica gel seems to be a usable source of cheap silica gel which is pure enough for this purpose, it can be easily grinded using a electric coffee grinder. There's no need of using expensive chromatography-grade silica gel.

-The idea to this was developed after 10+ more or less unsessful tries (mostly based on the writeups from "Barium", using EtOAc or IPA as only solvent an isolating the intermediate) but got only very bad yields due side products forming - but now finally a good yield was reached mixing several methods - The reaction isn't optimized yet, I'm almost sure the yield can reach 90%+ using the perfect conditions and solvents, as already with such a sloppy work a ~80% yield was reached. Phenyl-2-nitropropenes maybe even reach 95%+ as they should produce even less side products!

-Reusage of the Ra-Ni + silica gel sludge wasn't tried but should be possible a few times.

-Most likely Ni2+ (as nickel acetate or NiCl2) precipitated onto the silica gel in MeOH or EtOH as solvent with NaBH4 directly onto the silica gel matrix and then using DCM/IPA as solvent system should work just as well as Raney-Nickel T4, maybe It's giving even giving higher yields as the intermediate should react faster. And this specialised catalyst might be reusable several times aswell.
Though "even better yields" are only speculation so far.

[Edited on 24-4-2018 by Bottle]
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[*] posted on 24-4-2018 at 01:24


Congratulations @Bottle. Finally my point of view was proved. Nickel Boride made "in situ" from raney nickel or nickel salts and NaBH4 is far superior than other methods to realize a low cost and high yielding hydrogenation.

The surprise for me was the usage of silica gel as you've proposed and DCM/IPA as a solvent media. Very interesting. I will try this kind of optimization next time.

Well done. Nice job!

[Edited on 24-4-2018 by Chemi Pharma]
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[*] posted on 24-4-2018 at 17:55


Quote: Originally posted by Bottle  
2N HCl was then carefully2 added until pH 4 was reached followed by enough solid NaCl to cause the IPA to form a separate layer containing the product.

...

I used ~30% HOAc instead of HCl to bring the pH to 4.00 and used a 300ml erlenmeyerflask with ice-bath-cooling instead of RT to avoid dimeric sideproducts (maybe a mistake?)


A bit late reading the thread just now...BTW there was something posted as an attachment somewhere at the-hive saying "This document presents a writeup of his final work on the topic. Some modifications of the original procedure has been included in this document."...it's a Rhodium page (Easy borohydride reduction of beta-nitroalkenes to nitroalkanes) but it isn't in Rhodium and wasn't then AFAIK and after 14 years I forget what's up with that, but notice how acetic acid appears and somehow everything before and after is the same.

Dilute 80% acetic acid was added untill no more fizzing from the remaining borohydride occured. This is followed by addtion of enough solid NaCl to cause the IPA to form a separate upper layer containing the product. The mixture was suction filterd and rinsed with a little IPA.

...

General Procedure

Use the following amounts of reagents:

1 mole eq. of any arylnitrostyrene
1,25 mol eq. potassium or sodium borohydride1
Approximately 5*wt. of the nitrostyrene in mL's of IPA (i.e. 10 g P2NP would require 50 mL IPA)
2/5 the vol of IPA used of dH2O

Mix the IPA and water in a sufficiently large beaker. Add the borohydride in one portion and commence stirring. Begin adding the nitrostyrene in small portions after a minute or two. This will cause a rise in temperature and moderate hydrogen evolution. Add the substrate in small portions to avoid any nasty volcano reactions. The rate of addition should be such that a lively evolution of hydrogen can be observed in the beaker, but slow enough to avoid the reaction shooting out of the flask.

Once all of the substrate has been added, keep stirring the mixture for 30 mins. The colour of the mixture should be alot more pale than that of the nitrostyrene2. Add dilute (32-80%) acetic acid drop wise untill fizzing stops. Add solid non-iodized table salt while stirring heavily, untill no more dissolves. Suction filter the mixture, to remove any remaining salt and borates. Rinse the filter cake with a little fresh IPA. The IPA layer, containing the product will float on top of the water. Isolate the IPA layer, and discard the water.

At this point the reaction is over, and the IPA layer contains a product which is sufficiently pure for a CTH, Zn/Formate, SnCl2 nitro reduction or whatever your preference might be. So simply use this IPA direcly.

...

[1]The larger the scale of the reaction is, the larger molar eq. of boroydride is required. From emperical knowledge potassium borohydride requires a larger molar eq. Perhaps KBH4 decomposes faster in the IPA/water environment.

[2]Please use as pure nitrostyrene as possible in this reduction. If there are too many coloured impurities left, it is very hard to tell if the compound has been reduced properly, once the reaction is over.


[Edited on 25-4-2018 by S.C. Wack]




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[*] posted on 30-4-2018 at 07:07


The discussion is over, I guess, although @S.C. Wack oppinion.

The thread is exhausted. The two papers I brought to the topic teaching how to reduce nitrostyrenes with zinc and HCl at 0ºC to phenylethylamines and phenyl-2-nitropropenes to amphetamines with nickel boride made in situ with nickel salts (or the more expensive raney nickel) and NaBH4 is enough in my oppinion.

@bottle testimony above proved what I've been saying all time long about the better techniques to do this kind of reductions with satisfactory yields.

[Edited on 30-4-2018 by Chemi Pharma]
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[*] posted on 12-10-2018 at 15:25


Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  
The discussion is over...The thread is exhausted.


So one single guy used your methods and apparently succeeded...wow. You've successfully helped someone make a drug precursor. I guess you're still jerking off to that, aren't you?

I don't think this thread is over, since the initial problem of the claimed procedure (using plain NaBH4 without additives) failing still persists.
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[*] posted on 19-10-2018 at 04:42


@stoichiometric_steve, don't you have anything better to do besides criticizes other members?

Not just one person used the method I preach, but dozen of researchers, and I brought to this thread a lot of papers proving it.

Although you, a few other members and the ass hole named @clearly not atara insists in depreciate my efforts with Nickel boride as the better and cleanner hydrogenation agent to reduce nitro groups and double bonds, I'm shitting for your oppinion at all.

I have alerted the moderators and other members that this thread were intimately related with drugs, cause I warned all members in this thread that @bottle really intended to produce 2C-B and not only 2C-H, like he said, but no one listened me and no one did nothing respect this. Than, screw up you all guys. Don't come now to blame me at all.

You and other ass holes in this Forum are really pissing me off, and cause of people like you I'm really disgusted to post anything else here anymore.



[Edited on 19-10-2018 by Chemi Pharma]
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[*] posted on 24-10-2018 at 22:19


Please dial it back a little Chemi Pharma. This is not the time to make it personal. Ditto stoichiometric_steve. Your comment could be interpreted as snarkiness.

Sure the topic is intimately related with drugs. That much is obvious from the title alone. But there are unresolved questions of a chemical nature which is why the forum allows such discussion topics.

CP'sproposed method using nickel boride may be better (I am not experienced enough to make a judgement call one way or the other on that). But since the discussion initiated around a different procedure, that point is somewhat moot.

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[*] posted on 31-10-2018 at 06:30


Ok, I apologize for the bad language J_sum1.

But I'm tired reading @Clearly_not_atara and other few members posts, mocking and messing me when I expose my posts, papers and theory about nickel boride as the better, higher yielding and cleanner hydrogenation agent to reduce nitro groups, double bonds, aminoacids, etc.

Nickel boride is enough efficient as a reducting agent like LiAlH4 with more selectivity, low cost and safe handle. I have brought to this Forum a dozen of papers of researchers proven it, spreaded at too many threads, along the last years. Only a dumb can't see this.

But this kind of guys insists in depreciate me, my efforts and my theories, with a lack of education that's awful to read.

I think this Forum exists to change ideas beetwen it's members about the best methodology to produce chemicals, the best work up and the best theories to achieve the best yields. But some members here seems too much full of yourselves and arrogant enough to ever criticize other members that desagree with their ideas. It's really awful and denies to this Forum to be a democratic space to discuss about chemistry.

I still thinking this thread is OVER! NaBH4 alone it's know as ineffective to reduce nitro groups. It reduces only double bonds alone. Everyone here knows that or should know about it. Borohydrides only works as an effective hydrogenation reducing agent if coupled with transition metals like cooper, cobalt or nickel.

Oh man! Do a research and learn more about this! I brought to this Forum so many papers dealing with this. Go, research, learn and stop to tell me bulshits. May be after this I reconsider post again in this Forum!

[Edited on 31-10-2018 by Chemi Pharma]
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[*] posted on 31-10-2018 at 12:27


Sciencemadness does not support "pinging"; there is no effect when you type @clearly_not_atara or @Melgar or @Boffis or whatever. I think this is a good thing.
Quote: Originally posted by stoichiometric_steve  
I guess you're still jerking off to that, aren't you?

Pretty sure you're the one who revived the thread!
Quote: Originally posted by stoichiometric_steve  
since the initial problem of the claimed procedure (using plain NaBH4 without additives) failing still persists.

Some work done elsewhere has revealed that in order for the reaction to succeed, a large excess of NaBH4 is necessary, since this "kinetically overpowers" the nitroalkene+nitroalkane Michael dimerization which is responsible for the tar formation. However, this generally implies that the procedure is impractical.

Using the Hantzsch ester may achieve better yields, since it forms an intermediate which may impede dimerization. There are AFAIK no amateur reports using the Hantzsch ester method for nitroalkene->alkane conversion. The original paper reports high yields from a simple procedure, and is here:
Attachment: 5659-hantzsch-ester-olefin-reduction7bb1.pdf (84kB)
This file has been downloaded 79 times
Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  
@clearly not atara insists in depreciate my efforts with Nickel boride as the better and cleanner hydrogenation agent to reduce nitro groups and double bonds

I did not post about nickel-assisted borohydride reduction in this thread, either for or against. Our only interaction involved me explaining why I did not think this thread ran afoul of the rules, and I was generally correct in that Bottle did not go on to start other threads about making 2C-B.

Overall, you seem to have a bit of a persecution complex.

I will say, though, that CuCl2 seems to be just as effective as NiCl2 in catalysing this reduction, with high yields for nitroalkene -> amine with NaBH4/CuCl2. This may be useful as the copper powder produced is likely to be less flammable than that obtained with nickel.

EDIT: Post #1234! I declare thumb war!

[Edited on 31-10-2018 by clearly_not_atara]




[Edited on 04-20-1969 by clearly_not_atara]
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[*] posted on 4-11-2018 at 04:28


Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  
@clearly not atara insists in depreciate my efforts with Nickel boride as the better and cleanner hydrogenation agent to reduce nitro groups and double bonds


Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  
I did not post about nickel-assisted borohydride reduction in this thread, either for or against. Our only interaction involved me explaining why I did not think this thread ran afoul of the rules, and I was generally correct in that Bottle did not go on to start other threads about making 2C-B. Overall, you seem to have a bit of a persecution complex.


Really? You've wrote posts attacking me every opportunity I defend my point about Nickel Boride usage. it's enough reading your answers to my posts in your posts below in other threads, always mocking and messing up with me:

http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=78639&...

Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  
Of course this is very silly, anyone who is familiar with the literature on these compounds knows that catalytic hydrogenation tends to attack the C=C double bond whereas hydride reagents attack the carbonyl. It's not surprising that someone who only pays attention to hydrides would be misled.


http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=65915&...

Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  
Is this one of those cases where I'm arguing with someone who's *really* bad at understanding how meaning derives from context, or do you just intentionally misinterpret things in ways that you think might make you sound intelligent? Do you see *any* examples using Ni2B as a reducing agent on its own?


I don't want to discuss with people like you. I gave you a time ago an opportunity to call me at U2U to tell what's your real problem with me. You didn't do that. Now is late! I just have blocked you. Do me a favor, don't ever reply my posts and I will never reply yours. Pretend I do not exist, cause I will do the same with you, ok?

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[*] posted on 5-11-2018 at 09:16


Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  

Using the Hantzsch ester may achieve better yields


I have a strong feeling that at least one of those Nitroalkenes has an mp. above 100 deg. C and thus the method smells strongly of bullshit, as is just so terribly often the case with indian publications.

Especially since the Hantzsch ester only melts at 170+ deg. C.
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[*] posted on 6-11-2018 at 13:48


Well, now that we got to talking about Hantzsch Esters. They seem to work, and.....I can make 'em myself.

Got a high molecular wt., which matters quite a bit, but then as stated....I can make them myself.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4SkftlNhxKQ

Thank you, clearly_not_atara. Something I didn't know about.
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[*] posted on 7-11-2018 at 02:58


Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  
Nickel Boride made "in situ" from raney nickel or nickel salts and NaBH4 is far superior than other methods to realize a low cost and high yielding hydrogenation.


First of all, he didn't make it in situ. Adding NaBH4 to metallic Nickel powder does not reduce it to anything other than it already is.

Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  

The surprise for me was the usage of silica gel


Which is actually an old method known to work and providing good yields, just the amounts of solvent are too damn high.

The added Nickel did absolutely NOTHING here, just the NaBH4.

I highly doubt that you can provide any legitimate reference where your Nickel Boride method is applied to 2-Nitrovinylbenzenes.
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[*] posted on 7-11-2018 at 12:07


Quote: Originally posted by stoichiometric_steve  
Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  
Nickel Boride made "in situ" from raney nickel or nickel salts and NaBH4 is far superior than other methods to realize a low cost and high yielding hydrogenation.


First of all, he didn't make it in situ. Adding NaBH4 to metallic Nickel powder does not reduce it to anything other than it already is.

Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  

The surprise for me was the usage of silica gel


Which is actually an old method known to work and providing good yields, just the amounts of solvent are too damn high.

The added Nickel did absolutely NOTHING here, just the NaBH4.

I highly doubt that you can provide any legitimate reference where your Nickel Boride method is applied to 2-Nitrovinylbenzenes.


Raney nickel in fact don't react with borohydride. Borohydride reacts with metanol giving methoxyborohydride and nascent hydrogen. In the case of nickel salts in methanol, borohydride reacts forming nickel boride, methoxyborohydride and nascent hydrogen also.

Either raney nickel and nickel boride acts as a catalyser, absorbing this nascent hydrogen and giving it to the reaction promoting the hydrogenation. You're completely wrong thinking nickel does nothing in the reaction and seems never have read any of the papers I brought to this forum. NaBH4 alone in methanol has a reduced power to hydrogenate something, just reducing ketones and aldehydes to alcohol and double bonds to saturated compounds.

In the other way, nickel/borohidride/methanol couple can reduce acids, ketones and aldehydes groups to alcohols; nitro, nitroso, cyanide and oxime groups to amines and double bonds to saturated chains, and other things I don't remember now.

You can find a dozen of papers I brought to this forum in the last two years to prove what I'm saying, spread around a lot of threads. Just do a search for my nickname to find those papers talking about reduction of nitro groups and you will find the legitimated references you're looking for the reduction of Beta nitrostyrene (aka 2-nitrovinylbenzene) with nickel boride in methanol to phenethylamine.

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[*] posted on 8-11-2018 at 00:13


Quote:
You've wrote posts attacking me every opportunity I defend my point about Nickel Boride usage. it's enough reading your answers to my posts in your posts below in other threads, always mocking and messing up with me:

In neither case did I argue that NiBx is not an effective hydrogenation catalyst (although, it is not a stoichiometric compound). Rather, in the one case, you gave a totally wrong interpretation of alkene reduction, and in the other, you misunderstood the way Wikipedia used the term "reducing agent". Also, in the second case, you were attempting to derail a thread that I started.

Frankly, it's kind of nuts to be archiving old arguments like this. I suggest getting some fresh air.

Quote:
I highly doubt that you can provide any legitimate reference where your Nickel Boride method is applied to 2-Nitrovinylbenzenes.

A number of people I know have reported success with NaBH4/CuCl2. The paper which introduced it notes that it is a variant of the NaBH4/NiCl2 method:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267961413_TRANSITIO...
Ironically, the original paper does not actually test any aliphatic nitro compounds. It simply happened that somebody misread it, tried it, and it worked. Papers aren't everything.

Quote:
I have a strong feeling that at least one of those Nitroalkenes has an mp. above 100 deg. C and thus the method smells strongly of bullshit, as is just so terribly often the case with indian publications.

3,4-dimethoxynitrostyrene melts at 140 C, which would seem to be an issue for performing a reaction at 100 C, but perhaps not if they're soft goopy solids and you stir them. Take a look at the procedure:

"To a preheated 10 mL round-bottomed flask 1 mmol of nitroolefin and 1.1 mmol of hantzsch ester were added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 100 C..."




[Edited on 04-20-1969 by clearly_not_atara]
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[*] posted on 8-11-2018 at 08:54


Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  

A number of people I know have reported success with NaBH4/CuCl2.


Would it be possible for that number of people to come forward and post some experimental details of their attempts?

That would be greatly appreciated. I have been researching reactions concerning those compounds extensively and would love to compile them for quick reference.

Guys like Barium of former hive fame have been posting a great deal of highly dubious procedures previously.
Going back to those posts where others requested experimental details or product characterization, conversations quickly derailed into made up excuses for not providing any such thing, which also reminds me a bit of the tantrums our fellow chemipharma is throwing here. I wonder what that's all about? Someone needs to realize that earning internet points for being right isn't quite what we do here.
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[*] posted on 8-11-2018 at 10:15


Quote: Originally posted by stoichiometric_steve  
Going back to those posts where others requested experimental details or product characterization, conversations quickly derailed into made up excuses for not providing any such thing, which also reminds me a bit of the tantrums our fellow chemipharma is throwing here. I wonder what that's all about? Someone needs to realize that earning internet points for being right isn't quite what we do here.


@stoichiometric_steve it's not a question of "a bit of tantrums" like you've said, I guess is more a question of a lack of education at home some members here suffer. You said we all are fellows. Well I think fellows must treat other fellows with a minimum of education, don't you think that?

I really felt offended with your expression "jerking off". It's not a good way to iniciate a fellowship, isn't it? I think your post were our first meeting here at the forum and do you start a dialog this way? The same with @Clearly_not_atara. In one example the guy replies my post saying "Of course this is very silly!". Well, I think he's calling me a fool, isn't it? Like if I know nothing about chemistry and can't make any mistake. I think he is extremely rude in his posts with other fellows that desagree with him. He needs to try be more polite, apologize for his rudeness and not come to ask me to take fresh air and forget about his past rudeness like nothing had happened. This kind of things is really annoying.

Since you are complaining about the lack of information and seems you like spoon feeding, I'm posting again all the papers about nickel boride reductions, not only nitro groups reductions, below. Enjoy it. They are very instrutive about the study of hydrogenations using borohydride coupled with transition metals, not only nickel, but also cobalt and copper, like @clearly_not_atara said.


Attachment: Sodium Borohydride-Nickel Chloride-reduction of dienes and cleavage of allyl esters.pdf (279kB)
This file has been downloaded 58 times

Attachment: Amino acids reduction with borohydride-nickel chloride.pdf (93kB)
This file has been downloaded 181 times

Attachment: Reduction Of Aliphatic Nitro Compounds To Amines Using NaBH4_NiCl2 and Ultrasound.pdf (157kB)
This file has been downloaded 63 times

Attachment: nitrile-2boc-amine.nabh4-nicl2.pdf (198kB)
This file has been downloaded 56 times

Attachment: Nitriles to Amines with NaBH4 + NICL2- Nickel Boride.pdf (39kB)
This file has been downloaded 57 times

Attachment: amphetamine synthesis from phenylnitropropene - NaBH4 + NICL2.doc.doc (189kB)
This file has been downloaded 83 times

Attachment: nickel boride hydrogenations.pdf (482kB)
This file has been downloaded 56 times

Attachment: nitro aromatics to amines with nickel boride.pdf (459kB)
This file has been downloaded 55 times

Attachment: sodium borohydride-nicl2-reduction of nitro compounds.pdf (399kB)
This file has been downloaded 62 times

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[*] posted on 8-11-2018 at 11:22


Quote: Originally posted by stoichiometric_steve  
Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  

A number of people I know have reported success with NaBH4/CuCl2.


Would it be possible for that number of people to come forward and post some experimental details of their attempts?

That would be greatly appreciated. I have been researching reactions concerning those compounds extensively and would love to compile them for quick reference.

Guys like Barium of former hive fame have been posting a great deal of highly dubious procedures previously.
Going back to those posts where others requested experimental details or product characterization, conversations quickly derailed into made up excuses for not providing any such thing, which also reminds me a bit of the tantrums our fellow chemipharma is throwing here. I wonder what that's all about? Someone needs to realize that earning internet points for being right isn't quite what we do here.

Relevant thread: http://www.sciencemadness.org/talk/viewthread.php?tid=84596
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[*] posted on 8-11-2018 at 11:53


Quote:
Guys like Barium of former hive fame have been posting


Barium has been posting? I thought he vanished into the aether years ago.
Quote:
The same with @Clearly_not_atara. In one example the guy replies my post saying "Of course this is very silly!". Well, I think he's calling me a fool, isn't it? Like if I know nothing about chemistry and can't make any mistake.

The post you made was very silly. You insisted on a wrong claim, people disagreed, and you continued to insist and insult them. To the extent I have been rude to you, it was only when you were already being rude. For example, in that thread where I said you were being silly, you insulted Loptr for no good reason, and were wrong while doing it:

"If so, you deserve an article at chemical periodic bulletins, cause to reduce the double bond of insatured [sic] carbonyl compounds without affect the carbonyl group deserve a honor medal."

You think you are being mistreated, but in reality you pick fights whenever anyone disagrees with you and are extremely defensive about your own knowledge of chemistry. You need to stop interpreting rebuttals as personal attacks.
Quote:
Would it be possible for that number of people to come forward and post some experimental details of their attempts?


Eh, why the hell not. The following work belongs to someone else, who probably prefers not to be named:

"With vigorous stirring, to 5ml of IPA / 1g of P2NP and 0.4 times volume of H2O in RBF was dumped 6 mol eq. of NaBH4.
Recrystallized P2NP was washed with sodium bisulfite solution, then with and water and it was then added in small portions to the mixture to minimize frothing. No external cooling applied. After all substrate was added and near-colourless solution is obtained, the solution left stirring for 30 minutes. Claisen adapter was fitted to the rbf with reflux setup and addition funnel. With one portion, 10%-mol equivalent (for the nitroalkene) of CuCl2.2H2O dissolved in IPA was added to the solution via the funnel. It was refluxed for 30 minutes. After which the remaining NaBH4 was destroyed by adding about 50% acetic acid untill the fizzing stopped and the solution was fairly acidic. With the claisen adapter still attaced, short path distillation setup was rigged and everything below 100'C was stripped.
Then the solution was made basic dripping strong NaOH solution to the reaction flask and steam distilled. Additional very dilute NaOH solution was added through the addition funnel every now and then. The distillate was then made slightly acidic with H2SO4 and evaporated.
Total yield after recrystallization: 80% mol wise from the P2NP due to very sloppy work"




[Edited on 04-20-1969 by clearly_not_atara]
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Chemi Pharma
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 02:51


Quote:
Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  
Quote:
The same with @Clearly_not_atara. In one example the guy replies my post saying "Of course this is very silly!". Well, I think he's calling me a fool, isn't it? Like if I know nothing about chemistry and can't make any mistake.

The post you made was very silly. You insisted on a wrong claim, people disagreed, and you continued to insist and insult them. To the extent I have been rude to you, it was only when you were already being rude. For example, in that thread where I said you were being silly, you insulted Loptr for no good reason, and were wrong while doing it:

"If so, you deserve an article at chemical periodic bulletins, cause to reduce the double bond of insatured [sic] carbonyl compounds without affect the carbonyl group deserve a honor medal."

You think you are being mistreated, but in reality you pick fights whenever anyone disagrees with you and are extremely defensive about your own knowledge of chemistry. You need to stop interpreting rebuttals as personal attacks.


And who are you to tell if someone is right or wrong? you're an arrogant bastard who wants to get the last word on everything. @Loptr does not need a stupid parent or healer like you to defend his interests. He and I talked through U2U and I got into his topic because he asked me to do that. He is a thousand times more educated than you, who looks like a spoiled boy who does not admit to be annoyed. You did not like about what I've posted because I posted that your methods are outdated, and you're wrong. Urushibara nickel is an outdated method, just like you, a brat wanting to appear in this forum with your arrogance and idiocy. Who always looks for a fight and begins the rudeness here is always you.

It is not possible to reduce a double bond of an aliphatic chain without reducing it's carbonyl group attached, like with the compound @Loptr had indicated. Everything you've posted is stupid and only works in theory. No surprising, cause your brain always work in theoretical mode. In practical chemistry you are a zero on the left. You does not know anything and still has the poker face to say that the others are wrong.

Before I forget, you are a brat, not a man. What you write it's like a dog barking for me. If you still messing up with my posts I will call a forum moderator and ask him to suspend your account at this Forum!

With your last posts you just proved to all members of this forum what I've being saying: that you are really a rude person and a perfect asshole!


[Edited on 9-11-2018 by Chemi Pharma]
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 13:42


Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  

Eh, why the hell not. The following work belongs to someone else, who probably prefers not to be named:

"With vigorous stirring, to 5ml of IPA / 1g of P2NP


A ha! Now we're getting somewhere. It is an undisputed fact that phenylnitropropenes are quite easy to reduce using such methods, but this threads topic specifically relates to 2-nitrovinylbenzenes, which are quite a different story.

Most people with proper knowledge of this class of compounds should probably be aware that the double bond reduction of phenylnitropropenes has been extensively discussed and for instance, a method using NaBH4 along with a phase transfer catalyst like Trioctylmethylammonium chloride can provide fairly high yields of the corresponding phenylnitropropanes.

That is one of the very, very few methods that Barium can get credit for bringing attention to that actually works, and beautifully so.

On the other hand, despite my efforts to dig up a similarly high yielding and yet procedurally easy method applying to nitrovinylbenzenes, i've been shit outta luck so far.

I was thinking that maybe some sort of flow chemistry setup with a bed of silica gel, providing the needed weak acidity to inhibit formation of intermediate-substrate dimers, where separate solutions of aqueous borohydride and an organic solution of the nitroalkene substrate and a phase transfer catalyst are contacted in a static mixer just before hitting the solid bed.

Now obviously this creates another set of obstacles like diverging affinity of the reagents used to the silica gel bed, producing chromatography-like differences in elution, but that should be quite possible to solve.

Anybody else here with a soft spot for flow chemistry?

Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  
you're an arrogant bastard who wants to get the last word on everything.


You, sir, need to calm the fuck down and stop accusing people of what you're actually doing yourself. Cut the red hot latino cojones crap and focus on science, if there really and actually is anything that you can contribute. That would be beautiful.

Like i said, your Nickel-whatever stuff does not apply to 2-nitrovinylbenzenes and all the things you posted refs to do not change that one bit.

[Edited on 9-11-2018 by stoichiometric_steve]
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 14:11


Quote:
It is not possible to reduce a double bond of an aliphatic chain without reducing it's carbonyl group attached, like with the compound @Loptr had indicated.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja00209a048?journalCode...
It's amazing that you're still unable to admit you're so obviously wrong about this simple question. Stop writing poorly-formatted rants and learn to Google.

Quote:
On the other hand, despite my efforts to dig up a similarly high yielding and yet procedurally easy method applying to nitrovinylbenzenes, i've been shit outta luck so far.

You've got me there. I hadn't bothered to check but everyone is just using this for P2NP. Most people use dissolving iron or zinc for nitrostyrenes. Actually several people reported failures with borohydride/CuCl2 for nitrostyrenes (d'oh!).

However, the thread linked above by laserlisa seems to indicate success at least with 4-trifluoromethyl-2,5-dimethoxynitrostyrene (although only 71% yield under ideal conditions).

Nitrostyrenes are reduced to aldoximes in >90% yield by electroreduction at about 0.15 volts (Wessling et al 1991, attached). I'm not sure what the highest-yielding reduction of the aldoxime would be, but the method seems very promising. Further electroreduction generates amines in ~60% yield which is comparable to the Leminger. But speculation regarding oxime reduction is clearly outside the scope of this thread.

Attachment: wessling1991.pdf (419kB)
This file has been downloaded 70 times





[Edited on 04-20-1969 by clearly_not_atara]
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 14:39


Quote: Originally posted by clearly_not_atara  
However, the thread linked above by laserlisa seems to indicate success

Which is not actually surprising if you consider the rather extreme measure of using an almost eightfold equivalent of BH4- which prevents some, but still not all of the dimerization side reaction, otherwise yields would have been quite stellar.

Admittedly, some of that excess BH4- goes on to reduce the Nitro group, so i guess we'll pop some bottles now?
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 15:17


Quote: Originally posted by stoichiometric_steve  

I was thinking that maybe some sort of flow chemistry setup with a bed of silica gel


Scratch that. A bed of BH4- on some support, either resin or inert filler would probably be best.

For 29 years, it has been hiding in plain sight. Sigh...

Now it should only be a few final steps, imagine the possibilities!
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 23:33


Quote: Originally posted by Chemi Pharma  

I will call a forum moderator and ask him to suspend your account at this Forum


You have now clearly proven to everyone that you desperately need a time out.

I hereby request the mods to consider revoking your posting rights for an appropriate amount of time. And since you also admit to insulting other members via U2U, those rights should be suspended as well.
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