Dry barium ferrate
| IUPAC name
| Systematic IUPAC name
Barium ferrate (VI)
| Other names
|Molar mass||257.17 g/mol|
|Solubility||Slowly reacts with alcohols|
|Vapor pressure||~0 mmHg|
|Safety data sheet||None|
| Potassium ferrate|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Barium ferrate is a compound with a formula of BaFeO4. This is a stable barium salt of ferric acid, which itself is too unstable to exist in aqueous solution. It is a pinkish-brown crystalline or powder-like solid that is well known as the most stable ferrate and the easiest to synthesize and isolate. It is a strong oxidizer.
It is pinkish-brown powder that does not dissolve in water or other solvents.
It is a very potent oxidizer, but its insolubility makes it extremely stable for a ferrate. It is not known for decomposing just from contact with air, as potassium ferrate often does. It, however, reacts with acids stronger than ferric acid, such as all strong acids and several mid-strength acids such as phosphoric, liberating the extremely unstable ferric acid which is a powerful oxidizer.
Barium ferrate is not used in any household products, and reagent stores rarely sell it. However, it is easy to synthesize and isolate.
There are several methods of ferrate synthesis. The most practical are the electrolytic method and the hypochlorite method. In the electrolytic method, a solution of an alkali metal hydroxide is electrolyzed with iron electrodes. In the hypochlorite method, salts of trivalent iron are oxidized with hypochlorites in solution. A weak solution of ferrate can be made by melting potassium nitrate, iron(III) oxide and potassium hydroxide together, then grinding the cooled melt in a mortar and dissolving it in water.
In any case, if you have any form of solvated ferrate ion, you can immediately precipitate barium ferrate by adding any soluble barium compound. Barium ferrate does not react with filter paper in neutral and higher pH, so you can use it.
- Make oxygen and chlorine in Kipp's apparatus or a similar one;
Barium ferrate is mostly non-toxic, being insoluble. The products of its decomposition, however, aren't so safe: it is prone to forming barium hydroxide or salts, which are toxic. Barium ferrate should not come in contact with flammable organic compounds. Do not ingest barium ferrate, because it can be decomposed by your stomach acid and be digested into soluble and toxic barium chloride.
Barium ferrate can be stored in any container, such as a jar. However, carbon dioxide and moisture will slowly decompose it, so it's best to seal the container.
Use sulfuric acid to neutralize barium ferrate. It will release oxygen from the compound and bind the toxic barium into the safe barium sulfate, which can be thrown away with normal garbage.
Heating barium ferrate causes it to decompose. Treating the resulting slag with sulfuric acid will allow to remove the toxic barium ions.