The copper complex in solid form.
|Molar mass||318.51 g/mol|
|Solubility||Reacts with acids|
|Safety data sheet||None|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Bis(ethylenediamine)copper(II) perchlorate is an energetic coordination complex of copper(II) made from perchloric acid and ethylenediamine. It is a fluffy purple solid which is nearly black in a concentrated solution. It appears to be indefinitely storable.
A general formula for the compound is [Cu(en)2](ClO4)2, where en is ethylenediamine.
Bis(ethylenediamine)copper(II) perchlorate is prone to detonation on light heating.
Crystals of bis(ethylenediamine) copper(II) perchlorate are far from dense - there is a nearly tenfold increase in volume from the starting material, copper(II) oxide. It is quite soluble in water.
It explodes when exposed to an open flame.
Bis(ethylenediamine)copper(II) perchlorate is not commerically available but is easy to prepare.
Bis(ethylenediamine)copper(II) perchlorate is prepared through the complexation of a solution of copper(II) perchlorate with ethylenediamine. Since copper(II) perchlorate is not a very commonly encountered chemical, it is often prepared in solution during this synthesis by the addition of an excess of copper(II) oxide to dilute perchloric acid. A detailed preparation can be found here.
- Flash powder
Keep away from open flames, as the compound will detonate.
Best to use it shortly after synthesis.
The compound should be detonated in a safe place. It can also be neutralized by reducing it with metallic iron under UV light, in anaerobic conditions.