KBr on a watch glass
| IUPAC name
|Molar mass||119.002 g/mol|
|Melting point||734 °C (1,353 °F; 1,007 K)|
|Boiling point||1,435 °C (2,615 °F; 1,708 K)|
| 53.5 g/100 ml (0 °C) |
67.8 g/100 ml (25 °C)
102 g/100 ml (100 °C)
|Solubility|| Very slightly soluble in diethyl ether, methanol|
Insoluble in hydrocarbons
|Solubility in ethanol||4.76 g/100 ml (80 °C)|
|Solubility in glycerol||21.7 g/100 ml|
|Vapor pressure||~ 0 mmHg|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|3,070 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
| Potassium chloride|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Potassium bromide (KBr) is a very stable and common bromide salt. It is commonly used to produce elemental bromine.
However, bromine is not as strong an oxidizer as chlorine, so chlorine will form bromine if reacted with a solution of bromide.
- 2 KBr + Cl2 → 2 KCl + Br2
Bromide ions can be oxidized to bromate, which is a powerful oxidizer.
A white, nondescript solid, its density is high, and often samples are much heavier than what one subconsciously expects the crystalline white powder to weigh.
It dissolves quite easily to form a clear solution. If even small amounts of bromine is made in a reaction, the color of the solution shifts to a vivid orange as some bromine is somewhat soluble in a solution of bromide ions, forming the tribromide ion.
Potassium bromide, unusually, has covalent properties in the gas phase. It does, however, have one of the highest known dipole moments.
Potassium bromide is sometimes found as brominating tablets at pool stores as an alternative to chlorine. Other than this it is rarely found in consumer outlets but can be found easily and cheaply online or at any chemical supply store.
- KOH + Br2 → KBr + HOBr
- KI + Br2 → KBr + I2
Hydrobromic acid can also be used instead of elemental bromine for the first reaction:
- KOH + HBr → KBr + H2O
- Producing elemental bromine
- Potassium bromate
- Make hydrobromic acid
Bromide ions are a cumulative poison, staying in the blood for over a week. The only feasible routes of exposure are through purposefully consuming the solid or drinking solutions, neither of which is likely to occur, so it can be regarded as safe, provided high direct exposures to the body are limited.
Potassium bromide should be stored in closed containers.
Can be safely poured down the drain.
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potassium_bromide (for toxicity data. Contains much more information about how your body deals with bromide ions)