Inositol

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Inositol
Names
IUPAC name
(1R,2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
Other names
cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-Cyclohexanehexol
Cyclohexanehexol
Mouse antialopecia factor
Nucite
Phaseomannite
Phaseomannitol
Properties
C6H12O6
Molar mass 180.16 g/mol
Appearance White solid
Odor Odorless
Density 1.752 g/cm3
Melting point 225–227 °C (437–441 °F; 498–500 K)
14 g/100 ml (25 ºC)
Solubility Moderate soluble in methanol
Slightly soluble in DMSO
Insoluble in alcohols, dichloromethane, dimethylformamide, tetrahydrofuran[1]
Vapor pressure ~0 mmHg
Hazards
Safety data sheet Sigma-Aldrich (myo-inositol)
Flash point 143 °C
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
10,000 mg/kg (mouse, oral)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Inositol or cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol is a chemical compound with formula C6H12O6, a sugar alcohol. It exists in nine possible stereoisomers, of which the most prominent form, widely occurring in nature, is cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, or myo-inositol (former names meso-inositol or i-inositol). Its taste has been assayed at half the sweetness of table sugar (sucrose).

Properties

Chemical

Inositol can be nitrated to give inositol hexanitrate.

Oxidation with nitric acid gives rhodizonic acid.

Physical

Inositol is a crystalline solid, soluble in water.

Availability

Inositol is available in many health food stores.

It can also be bought online cheaply.

Preparation

Inositol is best bought than made.

Projects

Handling

Safety

Inositol has low toxicity and it's 100% edible. Lab-grade inositol however, isn't.

Storage

Inositol should be kept in closed bottles, plastic bottles are sufficient.

Disposal

Inositol doesn't require special disposal. Discard it as you wish.

References

  1. https://www.researchgate.net/post/Does_anyone_know_about_solubility_of_Inositol_except_for_water

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