Silver perchlorate

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Silver perchlorate
Names
IUPAC name
Silver perchlorate
Other names
Perchloric acid, silver(1+) salt
Silverperchlorate
Properties
AgClO4
Molar mass 207.319 g/mol
Appearance White solid
Density 2.806 g/cm3
Melting point 486 °C (907 °F; 759 K) (decomposition)
Boiling point Decomposes
557 g/100 ml (25 °C)
792.8 g/100 ml (99 °C)
Solubility Soluble in alcohols
Vapor pressure ~0 mmHg
Hazards
Safety data sheet Sigma-Aldrich
Related compounds
Related compounds
Silver nitrate
Silver sulfate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Silver perchlorate is a chemical compound with the formula AgClO4. It is a useful source of the Ag+ ions, due to its great solubility.

Properties

Chemical

Silver perchlorate decomposes when heated to high temperatures, releases oxygen.

Physical

Silver perchlorate is a white solid, very soluble in water. It is hygroscopic and tends to be commonly encountered as monohydrate.

Availability

Silver perchlorate is sometimes sold by chemical suppliers.

Preparation

Silver perchlorate can be made by dissolving silver metal in perchloric acid. Concentrate the resulting solution and cool it to recrystallize.

Projects

  • Catalyst in organic reactions
  • Make iodine perchlorate
  • Flash powders

Handling

Safety

Silver perchlorate is a strong oxidizer and should be handled with care.

Being a soluble silver salt, ingestion is harmful.

Storage

In closed bottles, away from moisture and flammable materials.

Disposal

Silver perchlorate can be neutralized by reducing it with metallic iron. It can also be reduced to elemental silver with many common metals, like iron, zinc. The resulting silver metal should be recycled as it is expensive.

References

Relevant Sciencemadness threads