| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||74.08 g/mol|
|Appearance||Unknown in pure form|
|Solubility||Soluble in acetone|
|Safety data sheet||None|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Dimethyldioxirane (DMDO), also referred to as Murray's reagent, is a dioxirane derived from acetone and can be considered as a monomer of acetone peroxide. It is a powerful yet selective oxidizing agent which finds use in organic synthesis.
DMDO can be used to oxidize alkenes to epoxides.
DMDO displays good selectivity for olefins. Typically, electron deficient olefins are oxidized more slowly than electron rich ones. DMDO will also oxidize several other functional groups. For example, DMDO will oxidize primary amines to nitro compounds and sulfides to sulfoxides.
In some cases, DMDO will even oxidize unactivated C-H bonds, such as those from tertiary carbons.
DMDO can also be used to convert nitro compounds to carbonyl compounds (Nef reaction).
Since the compound has not been isolated in pure form, its physical properties remain unknown so far.
DMDO is not commercially available because of its instability and has to be prepared in situ.
The preparation of DMDO is rather inefficient (typical yields < 3%) and typically only yields a relatively dilute solution in acetone (only up to approximately 0.1 M).
- Make epoxides
- Make nitro compounds
DMDO is only stable in diluted solutions. It is a powerful oxidizer and will oxidize many organic compounds.
Solutions are stable under refrigeration (−10 to −20 °C) for up to a week. The rate of decomposition will increase upon exposure to light or heavy metals.
Addition of a reducing agent will neutralize the compound.