Crude potassium bisulfate leftover from nitric acid synthesis
| IUPAC name
Potassium hydrogen sulfate
| Other names
Potassium acid sulfate
|Molar mass||136.169 g/mol|
|Melting point||197 °C (387 °F; 470 K)|
|Boiling point||300 °C (572 °F; 573 K) (decomposes)|
| 36.6 g/100 mL (0 °C) |
49 g/100 mL (20 °C)
121.6 g/100 mL (100 °C)
|Solubility||Soluble in acetone, ethanol|
Std enthalpy of
|Safety data sheet||FischerScientific|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Potassium bisulfate is an acid salt of potassium, with the formula KHSO4, made from the partial neutralization of a potassium base.
Potassium bisulfate will decompose when heated above 250-300°C to form potassium pyrosulfate and water:
- 2 KHSO4 → K2S2O7 + H2O
Heating the potassium pyrosulfate above 600°C will give off sulfur trioxide and leave behind potassium sulfate. Strong heating of the potassium bisulfate will above this temperature will achieve the same result:
- K2S2O7 → K2SO4 + SO3
- 2 KHSO4 → K2SO4 + SO3 + H2O
Potassium bisulfate is a white solid, soluble in water. It has a density of 2.245 g/cm3.
Unlike its sodium counterpart, potassium bisulfate does not appear to be available as pH lowering chemical for swimming pools.
It can best be purchased from eBay and Amazon.
- KOH + H2SO4 → KHSO4 + H2O
The bisulfate is then recrystallized from the solution.
Potassium bisulfate is a side product in Glauber's nitric acid synthesis. Dissolving the solid waste and recrystallizing it from water will give a relative pure potassium bisulfate.
- Make potassium persulfate
- Make potassium pyrosulfate
Contact with potassium bisulfate will irritate the skin, eyes and mucous tissues. Despite being a salt rather than a fully saturated acid, potassium bisulfate solutions have a much lower pH than many acids themselves, and should be treated with care. It may also release sulfuric acid fumes upon storage.
In closed plastic or glass containers.
Can be neutralized with any base.