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| IUPAC name
|Molar mass||122.12 g/mol|
|Appearance||White crystalline solid|
|Melting point||88–90 °C (190–194 °F; 361–363 K)|
|880 g/100 ml (25 °C)|
|Solubility||Soluble in ethanol, methanol|
|Vapor pressure||~0 mmHg|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Threitol is a four-carbon sugar alcohol with the molecular formula C4H10O4, diastereomer of erythritol.
Threitol can be nitrated to threitol tetranitrate using concentrated nitric acid.
Threitol is a colorless solid, soluble in water.
It is sold by chemical suppliers.
Occurs naturally in the edible fungus Armillaria mellea, though you will need a large amount of said fungus to obtain significant amounts of threitol.
Best to buy it than make it yourself.
- Preparation of threitol tetranitrate
Threitol has low toxicity.
Threitol should be kept in closed bottles.
No special disposal is required.
- Cohen, Shlomo; Marcus, Yizhak; Migron, Yoelit; Dikstein, Shabtay; Shafran, Avi; Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions; vol. 89; nb. 17; (1993); p. 3271 - 3275