| IUPAC name
| Other names
Citric acid ethyl ester
|Molar mass||276.283 g/mol|
|Appearance||Colorless oily liquid|
|Density||1.1369 g/cm3 (20 °C)|
|Melting point||−55 °C (−67 °F; 218 K)|
|Boiling point|| 294 °C (561 °F; 567 K) (760 mmHg)|
235 °C (455 °F; 508 K) (150 mmHg)
|6.5 g/100 ml|
|Solubility|| Miscible with diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol|
Slightly soluble in CCl4, peanut oil
|Vapor pressure||6.87·10-4 mmHg (25 °C)|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||151-155 °C|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Triethyl citrate is hydrolyzed in basic conditions to give ethanol and citrate salts.
Triethyl citrate is an oily liquid, poorly soluble in water, but miscible with alcohols.
Triethyl citrate is sold by various chemical suppliers.
- Food additive
- Plasticizer for polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
- Pleasant aroma collecting
Triethyl citrate has low toxicity and it's used in food industry as additive.
Triethyl citrate should be stored in closed bottles, away from acids.
Triethyl citrate has low toxicity and doesn't require special disposal. Since it's flammable, it can be safely burned outside.
- Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2008, 47 (4), p 1017–1025
- Clean Soil Air Water, Vol. 43, Issue 6, June 2015, p. 927–931