Boric acid. From Wikipedia
| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||61.83 g/mol|
|Melting point||170.9 °C (339.6 °F; 444.0 K)|
|Boiling point||300 °C (572 °F; 573 K) (decomposition)|
| 2.52 g/100 ml (0 °C)|
4.72 g/100 ml (20 °C)
5.7 g/100 ml (25 °C)
19.10 g/100 ml (80 °C)
27.53 g/100 ml (100 °C)
|Solubility|| Soluble in ethanol, methanol|
Moderately soluble in ethylene glycol, glycerol, pyridine
Slightly soluble in acetone, ethyl acetate
|Solubility in ethanol||9.44 g/100 ml (25 °C)|
|Solubility in methanol||17.39 g/100 ml (25 °C)|
|Vapor pressure||~0 mmHg|
|Acidity (pKa)||9.24, 12.4, 13.3|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|2,660 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Boric acid (H3BO3) is the most readily available boron compound.
Boric acid is quoted as being "an acid by name only" and is even too weak to react with solids such as copper carbonate. It does not produce protons in water: it instead sequesters hydroxide ions from solution, forming H3O and B(OH)4-
Boric acid heated above 300 °C loses water to eventually form boron trioxide, which can be used in a thermite reaction with magnesium to produce elemental boron. Magnesium diboride is also produced as side product.
- 4 H3BO3 + 7 Mg → 2 B + MgB2 + 6 MgO + 6 H2O
Reaction with alkali hydroxides will form the borate salts.
The easiest mode of acquisition is in department or hardware stores, where it is sold in relatively pure form as roach killer or other pesticides. Boric acid is also sold in pharmacies.
Lastly, it can also be very cheaply purchased online or from lab suppliers.
- Making trimethyl borate
- Making boron trioxide, an intermediate in the production of elemental boron
- Make elemental boron
- Smelting flux
- Make boron and borosilicate glass
As it is a very weak acid, boric acid is non-corrosive, though it may irritate. Boric acid should not be consumed or inhaled in large amounts. Long term exposure should be limited.
Boric acid kills insects readily - it is often marketed as roach killer.
No special storage is required. Can be kept in any clean bottle or bag.
Small amounts of boric acid can be poured down the drain, as is poses little toxicity to the environment. Larger quantities should be taken to disposal facilities. Waste boric acid can also be used as insecticide.