Cadmium sulfate octahydrate
| IUPAC name
| Other names
| CdSO4 (anhydrous)|
|Molar mass|| 208.47 g/mol (anhydrous) |
226.490 g/mol (monohydrate)
769.546 g/mol (octahydrate)
|Appearance||White hygroscopic solid|
|Density|| 4.691 g/cm3 (anhydrous) |
3.790 g/cm3 (monohydrate)
3.080 g/cm3 (octahydrate)
|Melting point|| 1000 (anhydrous) (decomposes)|
105 °C (monohydrate) (decomposes)
40 °C (octahydrate) (decomposes)
| anhydrous: |
75.0 g/100 mL (0 °C)
76.4 g/100 mL (25 °C)
58.4 g/100 mL (99 °C)
76.7 g/100 mL (25 °C)
|Solubility|| Slightly soluble in methanol, ethyl acetate |
Insoluble in ethanol, toluene, xylene
Std enthalpy of
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|280 mg/kg (oral, rat)|
| Zinc sulfate|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Cadmium sulfate is the chemical compound with the chemical formula CdSO4. While it exists in anhydrous form, it's generally encountered as octahydrate (3CdSO4·8H2O).
Cadmium sulfate can be found in nature as the rare mineral drobecite (CdSO4·4H2O). It is also a component of the rare mineral niedermayrite, which is hydrated copper cadmium sulfate hydroxide.
- 3 CdSO4 + 2 Al → 3 Cd + Al2(SO4)3
Cadmium sulfate is a colorless, hygroscopic odorless salt, very soluble in water. It exists as mono-, tetra- and octahydrated form.
Cadmium sulfate can be purchased from chemical suppliers.
It can be found in nature in the rare minerals drobecite and niedermayrite.
Due to its toxicity, its sale may be restricted in many places.
Cadmium sulfate can be prepared by dissolving cadmium oxide into sulfuric acid.
- CdO + H2SO4 → CdSO4 + H2O
Using cadmium metal is not recommended, as a layer of cadmium sulfate forms on the surface of the metal which slows its dissolution.
Anhydrous cadmium sulfate can be made by reacting sodium persulfate with cadmium metal.
- Cd + Na2S2O8 → CdSO4 + Na2SO4
- Electroplate cadmium metal
- Make a Weston cell
- Make cadmium sulfide
Being a soluble cadmium compound, it is very toxic and highly carcinogenic. Wear proper protection when handling it. Always wear gloves!
Cadmium sulfate should be stored in closed plastic or glass bottles, in a hazardous chemical cabinet. If the anhydrous form is desired, it should be stored in air-tight containers.
Cadmium should be converted into insoluble form, like cadmium sulfide and taken to hazardous disposal centers.