| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||114.23 g/mol|
|Melting point||−107.38 °C (−161.28 °F; 165.77 K)|
|Boiling point||99.30 °C (210.74 °F; 372.45 K)|
|Almost insoluble in water|
|Solubility||Miscible with acetone, benzene, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, dichloromethane, diethyl ether, dimethylformamide, ethanol, heptane, toluene, xylene|
|Vapor pressure||5.5 kPa (at 21 °C)|
Std enthalpy of
|−260.6 to −258.0 kJ·mol−1|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||−12 °C (10 °F; 261 K)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, also known as iso-octane or simply 224TMP, is an organic compound, an isomer of octane (C8H18).
- C8H18 + 25/2 O2 → 8 CO2 + 9 H2O
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is an odorless colorless liquid, insoluble in water but miscible with many organic solvents. It lighter than water, with a density of 0.692 g/l. 224TMP has a boiling point of 99.1 °C and a melting point of −107.44 °C. It is very flammable, with a flash point of -12 °C and an autoignition temperature of 396 °C.
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is available in high octane gasoline, and can be extracted via fractional distillation or rectification, depending on the composition of gasoline.
Industrially it is produced by distillation of petroleum.
Another route involves the dimerization of isobutylene, using an Amberlyst catalyst, method that produces a mixture of iso-octenes. This mixture is hydrogenated to yield 2,2,4-trimethylpentane.
- Organic extractions
- Pepsin extraction
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane poses little toxicity, though its vapors are irritant to the nose, lungs and eyes.
224TMP should be stored in closed glass or PE bottles away from any heat source.
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane can be safely burned.