Benzyl alcohol sample and original bottle
| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||108.14 g/mol|
|Odor||Weak, slightly aromatic|
|Melting point||−15.2 °C (4.6 °F; 257.9 K)|
|Boiling point||205.3 °C (401.5 °F; 478.4 K)|
| 3.50 g/100 ml (20 °C)|
4.29 g/100 ml (25 °C)
|Solubility||Miscible in acetone, benzene, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol|
|Vapor pressure||0.18 kPa (60 °C)|
Std enthalpy of
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||93 °C (199 °F; 366 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|1,250 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Benzyl alcohol or phenylmethanol is an aromatic alcohol with the formula C6H5CH2OH, commonly used in the production of various compounds and in the pharmaceutical industry.
The benzyl group is often abbreviated "Bn" (not to be confused with "Bz" which is used for benzoyl), thus benzyl alcohol is often denoted as BnOH.
Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid, almost odorless, slightly soluble in water.
Benzyl alcohol is sold by chemical suppliers. Can also be purchased online.
Benzyl alcohol can sometimes be found in hardware and art/painting stores as solvent, mostly pure, though most of the time mixed with other solvents.
Some window cleaning products and mouthwashers contain benzyl alcohol, albeit in a small percentage.
The benzyl chloride used for the reaction can be obtained by chlorinating toluene under UV light.
- Make benzyl chloride
- Make benzaldehyde
- Make perfumes
Benzyl alcohol has low toxicity and has low volatility. It is however, severely toxic and highly irritating to the eye.
Benzyl alcohol should be kept in closed bottles, preferably in air-tight bottles, if you intend to store it for long periods of time.
No special disposal is required.