| IUPAC name
| Other names
|Molar mass||50.49 g/mol|
|Density|| 1.003 g/mL (-23.8 °C, liquid)|
2.3065 g/L (0 °C, gas)
|Melting point||−97.4 °C (−143.3 °F; 175.8 K)|
|Boiling point||−23.8 °C (−10.8 °F; 249.3 K)|
|0.5325 g/100 ml|
|Solubility||Soluble in glacial acetic acid, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethanol|
|Vapor pressure||506.09 kPa (at 20 °C)|
Std enthalpy of
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Flash point||−20 °C (−4 °F; 253 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
| 1,800 mg/kg (oral, rat)|
5.3 mg/L/4 h (inhalation, rat)
LC50 (Median concentration)
| 72,000 ppm (rat, 30 min)|
2,200 ppm (mouse, 6 hr)
2760 ppm (mammal, 4 hr)
2,524 ppm (rat, 4 hr)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Chloromethane more commonly called methyl chloride is a chemical compound with the formula CH3Cl.
Chloromethane will burn if ignited in air.
Chloromethane is a colorless flammable gas with a mildly sweet odor, heavier than air. It is insoluble in water, but much more soluble in organic solvents.
Chloromethane is sold by various gas companies and chemical suppliers, though it's not easy to acquire.
Chloromethane can be made by bubbling hydrogen chloride gas through boiling methanol with or without a zinc chloride catalyst, or by passing combined methanol and hydrogen chloride vapors over an alumina catalyst at 350 °C.
- CH3OH + HCl → CH3Cl + H2O
- Methylating agent
- Make methylmagnesium chloride
Inhalation of chloromethane gas produces central nervous system effects similar to drug intoxication. Exposure may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or confusion and difficulty breathing, walking or speaking may occur. At higher concentrations, paralysis, seizures, and coma can result.
Methyl chloride is kept as compressed gas in a gas cylinder.
Methyl chloride can be released outside in the atmosphere.