Eriochrome Black T
Eriochrome Black T sample and as solution. From left to right: dissolved in distilled water, in distilled water with NH3, in tap water, in tap water with NH3 and in tap water with NH3 end point titrated with EDTA.
| IUPAC name
| Preferred IUPAC name
| Systematic IUPAC name
| Other names
Fast Chrome Black T
Hispacrom Black T
Mordant Black 11
Solochrome Black T
|Molar mass||461.381 g/mol|
|Appearance||Dark black/purple brown solid|
|5 g/100 ml (at 20 °C)|
|Solubility|| Almost insoluble in ethanol|
Insoluble in acetone, butanol, chloroform, dichloromethane, ethylene glycol, glycerol, hexane, isobutanol, isopropanol, propylene glycol, toluene, xylene
|Vapor pressure||~0 mmHg|
|Acidity (pKa)||6.2; 11.55|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|17,590 mg/kg (oral, rat)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Eriochrome Black T (EBT or Erio T) is an azo dye used as complexometric indicator in complexometric titrations, most common in determining water hardness.
Buffered aqueous solutions of EBT turn red when calcium is added.
Eriochrome Black T is a dark purple-brown/black solid, soluble in water, but insoluble in most organic solvents. While it doesn't appear to dissolve in ethanol, EBT will turn it red if added.
Can be purchased from chemical suppliers or online.
Best to buy it than synthesize.
- Determine water hardness
- Detect rare-earth metals
Eriochrome Black T is irritant, but there doesn't appear to be very toxic or carcinogenic. Ingestion may lead to diarrhoea.
In closed amber bottles, away from light and corrosive vapors.
Can be poured down the drain.